Stephanie A Misquitta

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A mouse model with compromised mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis has been engineered in order to assess the role of this pathway in mitochondrial function and overall health. Reduction in the expression of mitochondrial malonyl CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase, a key enzyme in the pathway encoded by the nuclear Mcat gene, was achieved to varying(More)
Glutaminyl cyclase (QC, EC 2.3.2.5) catalyzes the formation of the pyroglutamyl residue present at the amino terminus of numerous secretory peptides and proteins. Treatment with diethyl pyrocarbonate inactivated recombinant human QC with the apparent modification of three essential histidine residues. Comparisons of the protein sequences of QC from a(More)
Animals employ two systems for the de novo biosynthesis of fatty acids: a megasynthase complex in the cytosol (type I) that produces mainly palmitate, and an ensemble of freestanding enzymes in the mitochondria (type II) that produces mainly octanoyl moieties. The acyltransferases responsible for initiation of fatty acid biosynthesis in the two compartments(More)
Human glutathione transferase pi (GST pi) has been crystallized as a homodimer, with a subunit molecular mass of approximately 23 kDa; however, in solution the average molecular mass depends on protein concentration, approaching that of monomer at <0.03 mg/ml, concentrations typically used to measure catalytic activity of the enzyme. Electrostatic(More)
To study the communication between the two active sites of dimeric glutathione S-transferase A1-1, we used heterodimers containing one wild-type (WT) active site and one active site with a single mutation at either Tyr9, Arg15, or Arg131. Tyr9 and Arg15 are part of the active site of the same subunit, while Arg131 contributes to the active site of the(More)
Glutathione S-transferase pi has been shown to reactivate 1-cysteine peroxiredoxin (1-Cys Prx) by formation of a complex [L.A. Ralat, Y. Manevich, A.B. Fisher, R.F. Colman, Biochemistry 45 (2006) 360-372]. A model of the complex was proposed based on the crystal structures of the two enzymes. We have now characterized the complex of GST pi/1-Cys Prx by(More)
Glutaminyl cyclase (QC) forms the pyroglutamyl residue at the amino terminus of numerous secretory peptides and proteins. We previously proposed the mammalian QC has some features in common with zinc aminopeptidases. We now have generated a structural model for human QC based on the aminopeptidase fold (pdb code 1AMP) and mutated the apparent active site(More)
Human pituitary glutaminyl cyclase (hQC) was expressed in Drosophila S2 cells under the control of an inducible metallothionene promoter and fused to the Drosophila immunoglobulin-binding protein signal sequence to enable secretion into the culture media. Expression levels reached 50 microg/mL culture media after 7 days of induction. The enzyme was purified(More)
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