Stephanie A Malone

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BACKGROUND A novel translational pharmacology investigation was conducted by combining an in vitro efficacy target with mucosal tissue pharmacokinetic (PK) data and mathematical modeling to determine the number of doses required for effective human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). METHODS A PK/pharmacodynamic (PD) model was(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral pharmacology in seminal plasma (SP) and rectal tissue (RT) may provide insight into antiretroviral resistance and the prevention of sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Saliva may be of utility for noninvasively measuring adherence. METHODS A pharmacokinetic study was performed in 12 HIV-negative men(More)
BACKGROUND HIV may amplify immunological, physiological and functional changes of ageing. We determined associations of frailty phenotype, a T-cell senescence marker (p16(INK4a) expression), age and demographics with exposures of the intracellular metabolites (IM) and endogenous nucleotides (EN) of tenofovir/emtricitabine (TFV/FTC), efavirenz (EFV),(More)
BACKGROUND Quantifying tissue drug concentrations can yield important information during drug development, but complicates pharmacokinetic study design. Mucosal fluids collected by direct aspiration (cervicovaginal fluid; CVF) or swab (rectal fluid; RF) might be used as tissue concentration surrogates, but these relationships are not well characterized. (More)
OBJECTIVES As the HIV-infected population ages, the role of cellular senescence and inflammation on co-morbid conditions and pharmacotherapy is increasingly of interest. p16INK4a expression, a marker for aging and senescence in T-cells, is associated with lower intracellular concentrations of endogenous nucleotides (EN) and nucleos(t)ide reverse(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the intraindividual pharmacokinetics (PKs) of total (protein bound plus unbound) and unbound lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/RTV) and to assess whether the pediatric formulation (100 mg/25 mg) can overcome any pregnancy-associated changes. DESIGN Prospective longitudinal PK study. METHODS HIV-infected pregnant antiretroviral(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral therapy has become a central component of combination in HIV prevention efforts. Defining the individual exposure of commercially available antiretroviral therapy in genital secretions and vulnerable mucosal tissues is paramount to designing future prevention interventions. METHODS A pharmacokinetic (PK) study was performed in 12(More)
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