Stephanie A Lee

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The effects of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) on catecholamine secretion and protein phosphorylation from intact and digitonin-treated chromaffin cells were investigated. PMA (10-300 nM), an activator of protein kinase C, caused a slow Ca2+-dependent release of catecholamine from intact chromaffin cells that was potentiated by the Ca2+ ionophore(More)
The Vam7p t-SNARE is an essential component of the vacuole fusion machinery that mediates membrane trafficking and protein sorting in yeast. Vam7p is recruited to vacuoles by its N-terminal PX domain that specifically recognizes PtdIns(3)P in the bilayers, however the precise mechanism of membrane anchoring remains unclear. Here we describe a molecular(More)
Specific recognition of phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate [PtdIns3P] by the FYVE domain targets cytosolic proteins to endosomal membranes during key signaling and trafficking events within eukaryotic cells. Here, we show that this membrane targeting is regulated by the acidic cellular environment. Lowering the cytosolic pH enhances PtdIns3P affinity of the(More)
Many non-muscle cells including chromaffin cells contain actin and myosin. The 20,000 dalton light chain subunits of myosin can be phosphorylated by a Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent enzyme, myosin light chain kinase. In tissues other than striated muscle, light chain phosphorylation is required for actin-induced myosin ATPase activity. The possibility that actin(More)
A growing number of modules including FYVE domains target key signaling proteins to membranes through specific recognition of lipid headgroups and hydrophobic insertion into bilayers. Despite the critical role of membrane insertion in the function of these modules, the structural mechanism of membrane docking and penetration remains unclear. In particular,(More)
[reaction: see text] Phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P) is a spatial regulator of vesicular trafficking and other vital cellular processes. We describe the asymmetric total synthesis of a metabolically stabilized analogue, phosphatidylinositol-3-methylenephosphate (PtdIns(3)MP) from a differentially protected myo-inositol. NMR studies of(More)
The remodeling of phosphatidylinositol polyphosphates in cellular membranes by phosphatases and kinases orchestrates the signaling by these lipids in space and time. To provide chemical tools to study the changes in cell physiology mediated by these lipids, three new metabolically stabilized (ms) analogues of phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PtdIns(3)P)(More)
OBJECTIVE Objective: Intermittent fasting (IF) is a term used to describe a variety of eating patterns in which no or few calories are consumed for time periods that can range from 12 hours to several days, on a recurring basis. This review is focused on the physiological responses of major organ systems, including the musculoskeletal system, to the onset(More)
The effects of phorbol esters, dioctanoylglycerol (DiC8), and micromolar Ca2+ on protein phosphorylation and catecholamine secretion in digitonin-treated chromaffin cells were investigated. [gamma-32P]ATP was used as a substrate for phosphorylation in the permeabilized cells. 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) enhanced Ca2+-dependent catecholamine(More)
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