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BACKGROUND Hoarding disorder is typified by persistent difficulties discarding possessions, resulting in significant clutter that obstructs the individual's living environment and produces considerable functional impairment. The prevalence of hoarding disorder, as defined in DSM-5, is currently unknown. AIMS To provide a prevalence estimate specific to(More)
BACKGROUND Responses to public health need require information on the distribution of mental and physical ill health by demographic and socioeconomic factors at the local community level. METHODS The South East London Community Health (SELCoH) study is a community psychiatric and physical morbidity survey. Trained interviewers conducted face-to-face(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to test the hypothesis that mental health-related discrimination experienced by adults receiving care from community mental health teams is associated with low engagement with services and to explore the pathways between these two variables. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, 202 adults registered with inner-city community(More)
We examined whether childhood cognitive ability was associated with two mental health outcomes at age 53 years: the 28 item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) as a measure of internalising symptoms of anxiety and depression, and the CAGE screen for potential alcohol abuse as an externalising disorder. A total of 1875 participants were included from the(More)
Much research has shown that reports of stressful life events are related to a wide variety of psychiatric and physical health outcomes. Relatively little research exists, however, on the distribution of the events according to gender, age, racial/ethnic background, and socioeconomic status (SES). Such information would help identify groups at greatest risk(More)
PURPOSE To establish the prevalence of victimisation in a UK population-based sample and to investigate the association between mental disorder and victimisation in both cross-sectional and prospective manner, whilst adjusting for potential confounds. METHODS Data from the National Child Development Study (NCDS) were used to examine criminal(More)
One important line of epidemiologic inquiry implicating social context in the etiology of psychosis is the examination of spatial variation in the distribution of psychotic illness. The authors conducted a systematic review of evidence from urbanicity and neighborhood studies regarding spatial variation in the incidence of psychosis in developed countries(More)
A wide variety of factors across the life course jointly influence cognitive and emotional development. Indeed, research from a variety of disciplines strongly suggests that cognition and mental health are intertwined across the life course, by their common antecedents and underlying physiology in development and in their interplay across adult and later(More)
This article focuses on cumulative adversity and protective resources, both social and biological, that interrupt or deflect individuals from optimal life-course trajectories and contribute to widening gaps in health. Under the guiding framework of cumulative adversity and/or advantage, this narrative discusses the theoretical framework of cumulative(More)
BACKGROUND There is robust evidence that childhood adversity is associated with an increased risk of psychosis. There is, however, little research on intervening factors that might increase or decrease risk following childhood adversity. AIMS To investigate main effects of, and synergy between, childhood abuse and life events and cannabis use on odds of(More)