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It has recently been shown that a lack of vestibular sensory information decreases spatial memory performance and induces biochemical changes in the hippocampus in rodents. After vestibular neurectomy, patients display spatial memory deficit and hippocampal atrophy. Our objectives were to explore: (a) spatial (Y maze, radial-arm maze), and non-spatial(More)
Several animal models of vestibular deficits that mimic the human pathology phenotype have previously been developed to correlate the degree of vestibular injury to cognate vestibular deficits in a time-dependent manner. Sodium arsanilate is one of the most commonly used substances for chemical vestibular lesioning, but it is not well described in the(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the portal vein cross-sectional area (PV CSA) and flow during a stand test associated with orthostatic intolerance. Eighteen subjects underwent a 90-day head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest at 6 degrees: 9 controls (Con) and 9 with flywheel exercise countermeasures (CM). At post-HDT, nine subjects (5 CM, 4(More)
It is now well established that vestibular information plays an important role in spatial memory processes. Although vestibular lesions induce anxiety in humans, this finding remains controversial in rodents. However, it is possible that anxiety-related behavior is associated with spatial memory impairments after vestibular lesions. We aimed to evaluate(More)
Vestibular deafferentation induces strong spatial memory impairments in rodents and dorsal hippocampal atrophy in humans, suggesting that vestibular information plays an important role in spatial-memory processes. However, previous studies have not discriminated between the role of the semi-circular canals, gravisensors and cochlear sense organ in such(More)
Recent discoveries have emphasized the role of the vestibular system in cognitive processes such as memory, spatial navigation and bodily self-consciousness. A precise understanding of the vestibular pathways involved is essential to understand the consequences of vestibular diseases for cognition, as well as develop therapeutic strategies to facilitate(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) applied to the hippocampus is challenging in studies of the neurophysiology of memory and the physiopathology of numerous diseases such as epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, ischemia, and depression. The hippocampus is a well-delineated cerebral structure with a multi-layered organization. Imaging of hippocampus layers is(More)
Declarative memory refers to a spatial strategy using numerous sources of sensory input information in which visual and vestibular inputs are assimilated in the hippocampus. In contrast, procedural memory refers to a response strategy based on motor skills and familiar gestures and involves the striatum. Even if vestibular loss impairs hippocampal activity(More)
The present paper exposes algorithmic results providing a vision about sleep functions which complements biological theory and experiments. Derived from the algorithmic theory of information, the theory of adaptation aims at quantifying how an inherited or acquired piece of knowledge helps individuals to survive. It gives a scale of complexity for survival(More)
Hypergravity disrupts the circadian regulation of temperature (Temp) and locomotor activity (Act) mediated through the vestibular otolithic system in mice. In contrast, we do not know whether the anatomical structures associated with vestibular input are crucial for circadian rhythm regulation at 1 G on Earth. In the present study we observed the effects of(More)