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Several animal models of vestibular deficits that mimic the human pathology phenotype have previously been developed to correlate the degree of vestibular injury to cognate vestibular deficits in a time-dependent manner. Sodium arsanilate is one of the most commonly used substances for chemical vestibular lesioning, but it is not well described in the(More)
It has recently been shown that a lack of vestibular sensory information decreases spatial memory performance and induces biochemical changes in the hippocampus in rodents. After vestibular neurectomy, patients display spatial memory deficit and hippocampal atrophy. Our objectives were to explore: (a) spatial (Y maze, radial-arm maze), and non-spatial(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in the portal vein cross-sectional area (PV CSA) and flow during a stand test associated with orthostatic intolerance. Eighteen subjects underwent a 90-day head-down tilt (HDT) bed rest at 6 degrees: 9 controls (Con) and 9 with flywheel exercise countermeasures (CM). At post-HDT, nine subjects (5 CM, 4(More)
Bone remodeling allows the conservation of normal bone mass despite constant changes in internal and external environments. The adaptation of the skeleton to these various stimuli leads credence to the notion that bone remodeling is a true homeostatic function, and as such is under the control of specific centers in the central nervous system (CNS).(More)
It is now well established that vestibular information plays an important role in spatial memory processes. Although vestibular lesions induce anxiety in humans, this finding remains controversial in rodents. However, it is possible that anxiety-related behavior is associated with spatial memory impairments after vestibular lesions. We aimed to evaluate(More)
Vestibular deafferentation induces strong spatial memory impairments in rodents and dorsal hippocampal atrophy in humans, suggesting that vestibular information plays an important role in spatial-memory processes. However, previous studies have not discriminated between the role of the semi-circular canals, gravisensors and cochlear sense organ in such(More)
Clinical trials in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients reported moderate effects of serotoninergic drugs on oropharyngeal apneas, although numerous specific 5-HT ligands highly modulate the genioglossus muscle (GG) activity in experiments performed in anesthetized animals. The purpose of this study was to investigate time- and dose-related effects of(More)
We previously showed that bilateral vestibular lesion in rats induces a bone loss in weight bearing bones. To determine whether this effect is mediated by the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), bone mineral density (BMD) was measured in 4 groups of 10 female Wistar rats: bilateral labyrinthectomy (Bilab), Bilab with propranolol treatment, sham operated with(More)
Neural control circuits that coordinate the motor activity of the diaphragm (DIA) and the geniohyoid muscle (GH) are potentially involved in pathological conditions such as various forms of sleep apnea. Here we investigated a differential role of the raphe magnus (RMg), pallidus (RPa) and the obscurus (ROb) nuclei in the neural control of DIA and GH muscle(More)
Recent discoveries have emphasized the role of the vestibular system in cognitive processes such as memory, spatial navigation and bodily self-consciousness. A precise understanding of the vestibular pathways involved is essential to understand the consequences of vestibular diseases for cognition, as well as develop therapeutic strategies to facilitate(More)