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Several cryopreservation methods for precision-cut rat liver slices (PCLS) have been proposed, allowing a short-term (a few hours) maintainance of viability and functionality upon thawing. The aim of the present study was to test the metabolic capacity of PCLS cryopreserved by an ultrarapid method. The biotransformation of paracetamol to its glucuronide and(More)
The cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A)-mediated midazolam oxidation was studied in rat precision-cut liver slices (PCLS) maintained for 20hr at 4, 20 and 37 degrees, and further incubated for 8hr at 37 degrees. Either at 4 or 20 degrees, midazolam was oxidised by PCLS at similar rates to that observed in freshly cut slices. Moreover, PCLS kept a regioselectivity(More)
Recent studies support the hypothesis that non parenchymal cells (mainly macrophages) may play a role in the metabolism and cellular effects of paracetamol. In order to investigate this hypothesis, male Wistar rats were intravenously injected with either 7.5 mg/kg gadolinium chloride (Gd+) or NaCl 0.9% (Gd-). The treatment with GdCl3 decreased the number(More)
Numerous studies suggest that generation of oxidative stress could be useful in cancer treatment. In this study, we evaluated, in vitro and in vivo, the antitumor potential of oxidative stress induced by ascorbate/menadione (asc/men). This combination of a reducing agent (ascorbate) and a redox active quinone (menadione) generates redox cycling leading to(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet activation requires sweeping morphologic changes, supported by contraction and remodeling of the platelet actin cytoskeleton. In various other cell types, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) controls the phosphorylation state of cytoskeletal targets. OBJECTIVE To determine whether AMPK is activated during platelet aggregation and(More)
A sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the quantification of midazolam and 1'-hydroxymidazolam in human plasma. Sample (1 ml plasma) preparation involved a simple solvent extraction step with a recovery of approximately 90% for both compounds. An aliquot of the dissolved residue was injected onto a 3 microm capillary C18(More)
BACKGROUND Several hemostatic abnormalities have been described in hypothyroidism, such as modification of coagulation proteins and bleeding tendency. Although thyroid hormone deficiency is considered to be responsible for these changes, the underlying mechanisms have not yet been established. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the respective influence of peripheral(More)
1. Midazolam is metabolized in the rat by CYP3A enzymes to 4-OH-midazolam (4-OH-MDZ) and 1'-OH-midazolam (1'-OH-MDZ). The induction of midazolam metabolism was studied in male Wistar rats treated with dexamethasone (50 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) during 4 days via the oral or intravenous routes. Microsomes were prepared from the liver and the proximal small(More)
OBJECTIVES Studies have emphasized the importance of normal fibrinogen concentrations in surgical patients. The primary hypothesis of this study was that fibrinogen levels significantly decrease in on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery versus off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery. The second objective was to show that ROTEM(More)