Stephane Goriely

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To gain insight into the defects responsible for impaired Th1 responses in human newborns, we analyzed the production of cytokines by dendritic cells (DC) derived from cord blood monocytes. We observed that neonatal DC generated from adherent cord blood mononuclear cells cultured for 6 days in the presence of IL-4 and GM-CSF show a phenotype similar to(More)
Recent observations of r-nuclei, and in particular of Th, in ultra-metal poor stars revived the old idea that the Th cosmochronometry could provide an age estimate of the oldest stars in the Galaxy, and therefore a lower limit to the age of the Galaxy. Unfortunately, some nuclear, astrophysics and observational uncertainties still affect the theoretical(More)
The r-process, or the rapid neutron-capture process, of stellar nucleosynthesis is called for to explain the production of the stable (and some long-lived radioactive) neutron-rich nuclides heavier than iron that are observed in stars of various metallicities, as well as in the solar system. A very large amount of nuclear information is necessary in order(More)
Recent AGB models including diffusive overshoot or rotational effects suggest the partial mixing (PM) of protons from the H-rich envelope into the C-rich layers during the third dredge-up. In order to study the impact of such a mixing on the surface abundances, nucleosynthesis calculations based on stellar AGB models are performed for different assumptions(More)
The cross section of the 144 Sm(α, γ) 148 Gd reaction has been measured at bombarding energies in the 10.5-13.4 MeV range using an activation method based on the off-line α-activity measurement of the 148 Gd residual nucleus. The long measuring time of the α-decay has required the use of etched track detectors. The resulting cross sections and astrophysical(More)
The reliable evaluation of the r-process production of the actinides and careful estimates of the uncertainties affecting these predictions are key ingredients especially in nucleo-cosmochronology studies based on the analysis of very metal-poor stars or on the composition of meteorites. This type of information is also required in order to make the best(More)
We revisit the capability of the WR winds to eject these radionuclides using new models of single non-exploding WR stars with metallicity Z = 0.02. The earlier predictions for non-rotating WR stars are updated, and models for rotating such stars are used for the first time in this context. We find that (1) rotation has no significant influence on the(More)
As a continuation of a systematic study of reactions relevant to the astrophysical p process, the cross sections of the 74,76 Se(p,γ) 75,77 Br and 82 Se(p,n) 82 Br reactions have been measured at energies from 1.3 to 3.6 MeV using an activation technique. The results are compared to the predictions of Hauser-Feshbach statistical model calculations using the(More)
He-accreting white dwarfs with sub-Chandrasekhar mass are revisited. The impact of the use of an extended reaction network on the predicted energy production and characteristics of the detonating layers is studied. It is shown that the considered scenario can be the site of an αp-process combined with a p-process and with a variant of the rp-process we(More)