Stephane Avril

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA) are a life-threatening condition due to the risk of rupture or dissection. This risk is increased in the presence of a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The purpose of this study was to provide data on the elastic modulus of aortic wall of ATAA using uniaxial tensile testing in two different areas of the(More)
This article reviews recently developed methods for constitutive parameter identification based on kinematic full-field measurements, namely the finite element model updating method (FEMU), the constitutive equation gap method (CEGM), the virtual fields method (VFM), the equilibrium gap method (EGM) and the reciprocity gap method (RGM). Their formulation(More)
Elastic compression is the process of applying an elastic garment around the leg, supposedly for enhancing the venous flow. However, the response of internal tissues to the external pressure is still partially unknown. In order to improve the scientific knowledge about this topic, a slice of a human leg wearing an elastic garment is modeled by the(More)
In this study, bulge inflation tests were used to characterize the failure response of 15 layers of human ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA). Full field displacement data were collected during each of the mechanical tests using a digital image stereo-correlation (DIS-C) system. Using the collected displacement data, the local stress fields at burst(More)
Elastic compression is recommended in prophylaxis and the treatment of venous disorder of the human leg. However, the mechanisms of compression are not completely understood and the response of internal tissues to the external pressure is partially unknown. To address this later issue, a 3D FE model of a human leg is developed. The geometry is derived from(More)
In this paper, we present a new approach for the bi-axial characterization of in vitro human arteries and we prove its feasibility on an example. The specificity of the approach is that it can handle heterogeneous strain and stress distributions in arterial segments. From the full-field experimental data obtained in inflation/extension tests, an inverse(More)
Clinicians generally assume that Medical Compression Stockings (MCS) work by reducing vein luminal diameter and, in this way, help to prevent blood pooling. Conflicting results have been reported however in the case of lower leg deep veins which call into question this hypothesis. The purpose of this contribution is to study the biomechanical response of(More)
The role of mechanics is known to be of primary order in many arterial diseases; however, determining mechanical properties of arteries remains a challenge. This paper discusses the identifiability of the passive mechanical properties of a mouse carotid artery, taking into account the orientation of collagen fibres in the medial and adventitial layers. On(More)
A patient-specific finite-element (FE) model of the human leg is developed to model the stress distribution in and around a vein wall in order to determine the biomechanical response of varicose veins to compression treatment. The aim is to investigate the relationship between the local pressure on the soft tissues induced by wearing the compression garment(More)
Balloon angioplasty is a standard clinical treatment for symptomatic coronary artery disease. In this procedure, controlled damage is applied intraluminally to the wall of a stenotic artery. Dissection of the coronary artery is a commonly observed clinical complication of angioplasty; however, not all dissections can be detected angioscopically. This work(More)