Learn More
Clinicians generally assume that Medical Compression Stockings (MCS) work by reducing vein luminal diameter and, in this way, help to prevent blood pooling. Conflicting results have been reported however in the case of lower leg deep veins which call into question this hypothesis. The purpose of this contribution is to study the biomechanical response of(More)
OBJECTIVE Ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA) are a life-threatening condition due to the risk of rupture or dissection. This risk is increased in the presence of a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). The purpose of this study was to provide data on the elastic modulus of aortic wall of ATAA using uniaxial tensile testing in two different areas of the(More)
Elastic compression is the process of applying an elastic garment around the leg, supposedly for enhancing the venous flow. However, the response of internal tissues to the external pressure is still partially unknown. In order to improve the scientific knowledge about this topic, a slice of a human leg wearing an elastic garment is modeled by the(More)
The role of mechanics is known to be of primary order in many arterial diseases; however, determining mechanical properties of arteries remains a challenge. This paper discusses the identifiability of the passive mechanical properties of a mouse carotid artery, taking into account the orientation of collagen fibres in the medial and adventitial layers. On(More)
Secondary interventions after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms are frequent because stent-graft (SG) related complications may occur (mainly endoleak and SG thrombosis). Complications have been related to insufficient SG flexibility, especially when devices are deployed in tortuous arteries. Little is known on the relationship between SG(More)
PURPOSE To assess numerically the flexibility and mechanical stresses undergone by stents and fabric of currently manufactured stent-grafts. METHODS Eight marketed stent-graft limbs (Aorfix, Anaconda, Endurant, Excluder, Talent, Zenith Flex, Zenith LP, and Zenith Spiral-Z) were modeled using finite element analysis. A numerical benchmark combining bending(More)
EDITORIAL 1 Identification of material parameters through inverse finite element modelling / Sam Evans, Stephane Avril 3 Identification of the material parameters of soft tissues in the compressed leg / L. Dubuis, S. Avril, J. Debayle, P. Badel 13 The non-linear response of a muscle in transverse compression: assessment of geometry influence using a finite(More)
Stent-grafts (SGs) are commonly used for treating abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and numerical models tend to be developed for predicting the biomechanical behavior of these devices. However, due to the complexity of SGs, it is important to validate the models. In this work, a validation of the numerical model developed in Demanget et al. (J. Mech.(More)
In this paper, we present a new approach for the bi-axial characterization of in vitro human arteries and we prove its feasibility on an example. The specificity of the approach is that it can handle heterogeneous strain and stress distributions in arterial segments. From the full-field experimental data obtained in inflation/extension tests, an inverse(More)
Elastic compression is recommended in prophylaxis and the treatment of venous disorder of the human leg. However, the mechanisms of compression are not completely understood and the response of internal tissues to the external pressure is partially unknown. To address this later issue, a 3D FE model of a human leg is developed. The geometry is derived from(More)