Stephane Avril

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The role of mechanics is known to be of primary order in many arterial diseases; however, determining mechanical properties of arteries remains a challenge. This paper discusses the identifiability of the passive mechanical properties of a mouse carotid artery, taking into account the orientation of collagen fibres in the medial and adventitial layers. On(More)
Clinicians generally assume that Medical Compression Stockings (MCS) work by reducing vein luminal diameter and, in this way, help to prevent blood pooling. Conflicting results have been reported however in the case of lower leg deep veins which call into question this hypothesis. The purpose of this contribution is to study the biomechanical response of(More)
Stent-grafts (SGs) are commonly used for treating abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and numerical models tend to be developed for predicting the biomechanical behavior of these devices. However, due to the complexity of SGs, it is important to validate the models. In this work, a validation of the numerical model developed in Demanget et al. (J. Mech.(More)
Quantifying the stiffness properties of soft tissues is essential for the diagnosis of many cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. In these pathologies it is widely agreed that the arterial wall stiffness is an indicator of vulnerability. The present paper focuses on the carotid artery and proposes a new inversion methodology for deriving the(More)
PURPOSE To assess numerically the flexibility and mechanical stresses undergone by stents and fabric of currently manufactured stent-grafts. METHODS Eight marketed stent-graft limbs (Aorfix, Anaconda, Endurant, Excluder, Talent, Zenith Flex, Zenith LP, and Zenith Spiral-Z) were modeled using finite element analysis. A numerical benchmark combining bending(More)
A patient-specific finite-element (FE) model of the human leg is developed to model the stress distribution in and around a vein wall in order to determine the biomechanical response of varicose veins to compression treatment. The aim is to investigate the relationship between the local pressure on the soft tissues induced by wearing the compression garment(More)
GOAL In the present study, the biomechanical response of soft tissues from the fascia cruris to the skin is studied in the human leg under elastic compression. METHODS The distribution of elastic moduli in these tissues is measured for a volunteer at inactive and active muscle states using transient ultrasound elastography (TUSE). After registering the(More)
Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms faces some adverse outcomes, such as kinks or endoleaks related to incomplete stent apposition, which are difficult to predict and which restrain its use although it is less invasive than open surgery. Finite element simulations could help to predict and anticipate possible complications biomechanically(More)
The aim of this study is to identify the patient-specific material properties of ascending thoracic aortic aneurysms (ATAA) using preoperative dynamic gated computed tomography (CT) scans. The identification is based on the simultaneous minimization of two cost functions, which define the difference between model predictions and gated CT measurements of the(More)
In this paper, we present a new approach for velocity vector imaging and time-resolved measurements of strain rates in the wall of human arteries using MRI and we prove its feasibility on two examples: in vitro on a phantom and in vivo on the carotid artery of a human subject. Results point out the promising potential of this approach for investigating the(More)