Stephan Steuber

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Peripheral blood lymphocytes were isolated from healthy calves and were subsequently infected with sporozoites of Theileria annulata in vitro. The infected cells were passaged for 50 times and thereafter inoculated into animals from which they were previously isolated. Within 4-5 days, schizont-containing cells were demonstrable in the lymph nodes of all(More)
Host feeding patterns of engorged sibling species of the Culicoides obsoletus and Culicoides pulicaris groups captured during three nights on two selected farms maintaining either cattle, sheep, horses, and pigs (Seedorf, Brandenburg) or cattle, sheep, moufflons, and red and fallow deer (Paulinenaue, Brandenburg) were determined by polymerase chain reaction(More)
A polymerase chain reaction with the restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method using universal primers complementary to the conserved region of the cytochrome b gene (cyt b) of the mitochondrion DNA (mtDNA) of vertebrates was applied to the identification of the origin of blood meals in tsetse flies. Blood samples from ten potential tsetse(More)
Glossina (G.) spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae), known as tsetse flies, are vectors of African trypanosomes that cause sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in domestic livestock. Knowledge on tsetse distribution and accurate species identification help identify potential vector intervention sites. Morphological species identification of tsetse is challenging(More)
Four of eight Ankole longhorn cattle experimentally infected with Trypanosoma brucei were treated with 7 mg/kg diminazene aceturate (Berenil, Hoechst AG, Germany) at day 71 postinfection. The trypanocidal activity was monitored using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA probe hybridization. When extracted parasite DNA (without host DNA) was used, as(More)
Theileria species are of great importance as the causative agents of East Coast fever and tropical theileriosis in cattle. Sporozoites of these parasites invade the host's lymphocytes, where they differentiate into macroschizonts and microschizonts, Neitz (1957, Onderstepoort J vet Res 27: 275-430) and induce a continuous proliferation of the infected(More)
Due to the severe outbreaks of bluetongue disease (BTD) in the years 2006/2007 in Germany in the absence of the main African vector Culicoides imicola, a rapid and easy applicable method for identification of autochthonous Culicoides spp. had to be developed. Morphological identification is time-consuming, rendering impossible the identification of large(More)
Theileria annulata andT. parva-infected lymphoblastoid cells were examined for their capacity to produce interferon (IFN). Supernatants of such cells were tested in biological assay for their antiviral activity. OnlyT. parva-infected cells of T-cell origin were capable of producing IFN-gamma. Supernatants of some but not allT. annulata-infected cells showed(More)
Adult specimens of the opisthorchiid liver fluke species Opisthorchis felineus and Metorchis bilis could be identified for the first time by molecular biological methods using species specific primers (OF and MB primers) in the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The OF or MB primers were based on a part of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I gene. A(More)
A study has been performed to investigate the usefulness of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for both the diagnosis and the follow-up after treatment of canine leishmaniosis (CaL). Blood samples (PBL) and/or bone marrow aspirates (BM) could be examined in a total of 18 confirmed cases of primary CaL. PBL was PCR-positive in 87%, whereas the BM was found(More)