Stephan Segerer

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Leukocyte trafficking from peripheral blood into affected tissues is an essential component of the inflammatory reaction to virtually all forms of injury and is an important factor in the development of many kidney diseases. Advances in the past few years have highlighted the central role of a family of chemotactic cytokines called chemokines in this(More)
Slowly progressive renal injury is the major cause for ESRD. The model of progressive immune complex glomerulonephritis in autoimmune MRL(lpr/lpr) mice was used to evaluate whether chemokine receptor CCR1 blockade late in the disease course can affect progression to renal failure. Mice were treated with subcutaneous injections of either vehicle or BX471, a(More)
Lupus nephritis develops from a combination of genetic and environmental factors such as microbial infection. A role for microbial nucleic acids (e.g., via nucleic acid-specific Toll-like receptors [TLR]) was hypothesized, in this context, because microbial nucleic acids can trigger multiple aspects of autoimmunity in vitro and in vivo. Eight-week-old(More)
The chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR4 have been identified as essential coreceptors for entry of HIV-1 strains into susceptible cells. Direct infection of renal parenchymal cells has been implicated in the pathogenesis of HIV-associated renal disease, although data are conflicting. The localization of CCR5 and CXCR4 in kidneys with HIV-associated renal(More)
The monocyte chemoattractant protein CCL2 is crucial for monocyte and T cell recruitment from the vascular to the extravascular compartment at sites of inflammation. CCL2 is expressed in human lupus nephritis and was shown to mediate experimental lupus; therefore, CCL2 antagonists may be beneficial for therapy. This study describes the l-enantiomeric RNA(More)
The Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) belongs to a family of 'silent' heptahelical chemokine receptors that do not couple to G proteins and fail to transmit measurable intracellular signals. DARC binds most inflammatory chemokines and is prominently expressed on venular endothelial cells, where its function has remained contentious. Here we show(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic renal disease substantially increases the risk of cardiovascular events and death. Vasopeptidase inhibitors are known to show a strong antihypertensive effect. In the present study, we investigated the nephroprotective potential of the vasopeptidase inhibitor AVE7688 beyond its antihypertensive effects in a mouse model of progressive(More)
Infiltration of renal allografts by leukocytes is a hallmark of acute transplant rejection. Chemokines attract leukocytes bearing specific chemokine receptors, and the specific leukocyte chemokine receptor phenotype is associated with types of immune responses, ie, T helper subtype 1 (Th1; CXC chemokine receptor 3 [CXCR3], CC chemokine receptor 5 [CCR5])(More)
Alport syndrome is a hereditary type IV collagen disease leading to progressive renal fibrosis, hearing loss and ocular changes. End stage renal failure usually develops during adolescence. COL4A3-/- mice serve as an animal model for progressive renal scarring in Alport syndrome. The present study evaluates the role of Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 (DDR1) in(More)
Small nuclear RNA and associated lupus autoantigens activate B cells and dendritic cells via Toll-like receptor-7 (TLR-7); therefore, TLR-7 may represent a potential therapeutic target in lupus. MRL lpr mice were administered an injection of either saline or synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides with immunoregulatory sequences (IRS) that specifically block(More)