Stephan Schrader

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To solve a problem, needed information and problem-solving capabilities must be brought together. Often the information used in technical problem solving is costly to acquire, transfer, and use in a new location-is, in our terms, "sticky." In this paper we explore the impact of information stickiness on the locus of innovation-related problem solving. We(More)
The technology life cycle literature provides strong theoretical foundations that explain how an era of technological ferment culminates in a dominant design, as well as how technology progresses during the resulting era of incremental change. But the processes by which subsequent technological discontinuities occur, particularly their timing, remains(More)
Employees frequently provide colleagues working in other companies with specific technical information or advice. This paper addresses the question whether or not this information transfer is in the economic interests of the involved companies. First, informal information transfer is discussed as a firm-level phenomenon. Four factors are found to determine(More)
SUMMARY Firms frequently cooperate by exchar\ging valuable information informally. This paper presents empirical evidence on information trading in the U.S. specialty steel and steel mini-mill industry. Technical information is exchanged informally between firms, including direct competitors. Employees who trade information orient their trading decisions(More)
Employees frequently give technical information or advice to colleagues in other firms, including direct competitors. This paper addresses whether this information transfer is in the economic interests of the firms involved. It is hypothesized that employees trade information within the economic interests of their firms. Conditions are discussed in which(More)
Researchers often regard information as being extremely slippery: perhaps expensive to generate, but with a marginal cost of diffusion (replication and transmission) near zero. Much of the special character of markets for information, and much of the difficulty in appropriating benefit from invention and innovation have been attributed precisely to this(More)
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