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Millimeter observations of pre-and protostellar cores show that the abundances of the gas-phase tracer molecules , C 18 O and N 2 H ϩ , anticorrelate with each other and often exhibit " holes " where the density is greatest. These results are reasonably reproduced by astrochemical models, provided that the ratio between the binding energies of N 2 and CO, ,(More)
Charging mechanisms of trapped, element-selectively excited free SiO2 nanoparticles by soft x rays are reported. The absolute charge state of the particles is measured and the electron emission probability is derived. Changes in electron emission processes as a function of photon energy and particle charge are obtained from the charging current. This allows(More)
Although the mechanisms of resistance to methotrexate (MTX) are known in experimental tumors made resistant to this drug, little information is available regarding acquired resistance to MTX in patients. A competitive displacement assay using the fluorescent lysine analogue of MTX, N-(4-amino-4-deoxy-N10-methylpteroyl)-N(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t The Virtual Atomic and Molecular Data Centre (VAMDC, http://www.vamdc.eu) is a European Union funded collaboration between groups involved in the generation, evaluation, and use of atomic and molecular data. VAMDC aims to build a secure, documented, flexible and interoperable e-science environment-based interface to(More)
Single-photon infrared emission spectroscopy (SPIRES) has been used to measure emission spectra from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). A supersonic free-jet expansion has been used to provide emission spectra of rotationally cold and vibrationally excited naphthalene and benzene. Under these conditions, the observed width of the 3.3-μm (C-H stretch)(More)
The millimeter wave spectrum of the isotopically substituted CO dimer, (12C18O)2, was studied with the Orotron jet spectrometer, confirming and extending a previous infrared study [A. R. W. McKellar, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 226, 190 (2004)]. A very dilute gas mixture of CO in Ne was used, which resulted in small consumption of 12C18O sample gas and produced cold(More)
Context. The high degree of deuteration observed in some prestellar cores depends on the ortho-to-para H 2 ratio through the H + 3 fractionation. Aims. We want to constrain the ortho/para H 2 ratio across the L183 prestellar core. This is mandatory to correctly describe the deuter-ation amplification phenomenon in depleted cores such as L183 and to relate(More)
Infrared emission spectra of gas-phase naphthalene and pyrene have been measured in the range of 3 to 7.5 micrometers with ultraviolet laser desorption-excitation and a spectroscopic technique featuring single-photon counting in the infrared. The spectra were compared with the unidentified infrared emission bands that are observed in many astronomical(More)
The age of dense interstellar cloud cores, where stars and planets form, is a crucial parameter in star formation and difficult to measure. Some models predict rapid collapse, whereas others predict timescales of more than one million years (ref. 3). One possible approach to determining the age is through chemical changes as cloud contraction occurs, in(More)
High resolution microwave and millimeter-wave spectra of HeN-CO clusters with N up to 10, produced in a molecular expansion, were observed. Two series of J = 1-0 transitions were detected, which correspond to the a-type and b-type J = 1-0 transitions of He1-CO. The B rotational constant initially decreases with N and reaches a minimum at N = 3. Its(More)