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The biochemical and behavioral effects of a nonpeptidic, selective, and brain-penetrant agonist at the ORL1 receptor are reported herein. This low molecular weight compound [(1S,3aS)-8- (2,3,3a,4,5, 6-hexahydro-1H-phenalen-1-yl)-1-phenyl-1,3,8-triaza- spiro[4. 5]decan-4-one] has high affinity for recombinant human ORL1 receptors and has 100-fold selectivity(More)
In this paper we describe the synthesis, structure-activity relationship (SAR), and biochemical characterization of N-(4-phenylthiazol-2-yl)benzenesulfonamides as inhibitors of kynurenine 3-hydroxylase. The compounds 3,4-dimethoxy-N-[4-(3-nitrophenyl)thiazol-2-yl]benzenesulfonamide 16 (IC50 = 37 nM, Ro-61-8048) and(More)
Ro 63-1908, 1-[2-(4-hydroxy-phenoxy)-ethyl]-4-(4-methyl-benzyl)-piperidin-4-ol, is a novel subtype-selective N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist that has been characterized in vitro and in vivo. Ro 63-1908 inhibited [(3)H]dizocilpine ((3)H-MK-801) binding in a biphasic manner with IC(50) values of 0.002 and 97 microM for the high- and low-affinity sites,(More)
The development of 8-(2,3,3a,4,5, 6-hexahydro-1H-phenalen1-yl)-1-phenyl-1,3,8-triaza-spiro[4. 5]decan-4-ones 3 starting from (RS)-8-acenaphten-1-yl-1-phenyl-1,3, 8-triazaspiro[4.5]decan-4-one 1 is reported. The synthesis and the binding affinities at human OFQ and opioid (micro, kappa, delta) receptors of the stereoisomers 3a-f are described. In vitro the(More)
A series of 8-acenaphthen-1-yl-1-phenyl-1,3,8-triaza-spiro[4.5]decan+ ++-4-one derivatives 1 was studied with respect to the binding affinity for the orphanin FQ (OFQ) and opioid (mu, kappa, delta) receptors. The influence of stereochemistry as well as the substitution pattern of the phenyl-ring in position 1 on the affinity for the orphanin FQ receptor and(More)
Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase, an NADPH-dependent flavin monooxygenase, catalyses the hydroxylation of L-kynurenine to L-3-hydroxykynurenine. By hybridization screening using a cDNA probe encoding the entire exon 2 of Drosophila melanogaster kynurenine 3-monooxygenase, we isolated a 2.0 kb cDNA clone coding for the corresponding human liver enzyme. The deduced(More)
The discovery of 8-(5,8-dichloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-naphthalen-2-yl)-1-phenyl-1,3,8-triazaspiro[4.5]decan-4-one, 1a, as a high-affinity ligand for the human ORL1 (orphanin FQ/nociceptin) receptor led to the synthesis of a series of optimized ligands. These compounds exhibit high affinity for the human ORL1 receptor, exhibit moderate to good selectivity(More)
Novel hexahydrospiro[piperidine-4,1'-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrroles that act as potent and selective orphanin FQ/nociceptin (N/OFQ) receptor (NOP) agonists were identified. The best compound, (+)-5a, potently inhibited 3H-N/OFQ binding to the NOP receptor (K(i) = 0.49 nM) but was >1000-fold less potent in binding to MOP, KOP, and DOP opiate receptors. Further,(More)
The cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) system is described to modulate various pathological conditions, including inflammation and fibrosis. A series of new heterocyclic small-molecule CB2 receptor agonists were identified from a high-throughput screen. Lead optimization gave access to novel, highly potent, and selective (over CB1) triazolopyrimidine derivatives.(More)
Pyrido pyrimidinones are selective agonists of the human high affinity niacin receptor GPR109A (HM74A). They show no activity on the highly homologous low affinity receptor GPR109B (HM74). Starting from a high throughput screening hit the in vitro activity of the pyrido pyrimidinones was significantly improved providing lead compounds suitable for further(More)