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The Race Across America, a 4800-km nonstop cycle race, is one of the most demanding endurance sports events. We display the racing strategy, power output, HR, hormonal levels, and inflammatory markers of an athlete before and during the race, which he completed in 10 d 23 h.The athlete showed physiological characteristics of a well-trained (nonelite)(More)
Respiratory gas analysis as an indicator for metabolic strain during exercise has a long history. First introduced in the 18th century, huge gas collectors served for the determination of oxidative energy delivery. While still being accepted as accurate, this particular method delivers data of low temporal resolution only. Further developments of gas(More)
BACKGROUND It remains unclear whether the 6-min walking test can predict performance during stair-climbing in severe COPD patients. The present study aimed to assess different pathophysiological changes between walking and stair-climbing in these patients. METHODS Sixteen COPD patients (mean FEV1 33+/-13% predicted) underwent a 6-min walking test and(More)
AIM The purpose of this study was to compare the blood-lactate and heart rate response of three treadmill tests and to define a conversion algorithm. METHODS Subjects included 19 long-distance runners. The first two tests had increments of 2 km/h every 3 (test3m) or 5 minutes (test5m). The third test (testFm) consisted of four consecutive 2000m-runs. The(More)
INTRODUCTION The diseases responsible for sudden deaths in athletes differ considerably with regard to age. In young athletes, congenital malformations of the heart and/or vascular system cause the majority of deaths and can only be detected noninvasively by complex diagnostics. In contrast, in older athletes who die suddenly, atherosclerotic disease of the(More)
Stimulated hematopoiesis is observed in the bone marrow of endurance-trained athletes by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) independent of the hemoglobin concentration (hematocrit or erythrocyte count) or circulating reticulocytes, but may be related to blood volume (BV). This study determined whether hyperplasia of hematopoietic bone marrow of professional(More)
BACKGROUND Exercise-induced diaphragmatic fatigue (DF) is conventionally considered to reflect impaired diaphragm function resulting from load imposed on the diaphragm during exercise and is known to be reduced by the application of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) during heavy-intensity exercise testing (HEET). On that physiological condition NIV applied for(More)
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