Stephan P. Persengiev

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DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair by nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) requires the assembly of several proteins on DNA ends. Although biochemical studies have elucidated several aspects of the NHEJ reaction mechanism, much less is known about NHEJ in living cells, mainly because of the inability to visualize NHEJ repair proteins at DNA damage. Here we(More)
DNA damage provokes DNA repair, cell-cycle regulation and apoptosis. This DNA-damage response encompasses gene-expression regulation at the transcriptional and post-translational levels. We show that cellular responses to UV-induced DNA damage are also regulated at the post-transcriptional level by microRNAs. Survival and checkpoint response after UV damage(More)
RNA interference is an evolutionarily conserved process in which expression of a specific gene is post-transcriptionally inhibited by a small interfering RNA (siRNA), which recognizes a complementary mRNA and induces its degradation. Currently, RNA interference is being used extensively to inhibit expression of specific genes for experimental and(More)
The mammalian ATF/CREB family of transcription factors comprises a large group of basic-region leucine zipper (bZIP) proteins whose members mediate diverse transcriptional regulatory functions. Here we report that expression of a specific mouse ATF gene, ATFx, is down-regulated in a variety of cells undergoing apoptosis following growth factor deprivation.(More)
Gene expression during spermatogenesis is highly cell- and stage-specific and involves the complex interplay of multiple developmentally regulated transcription factors. Recent evidence suggests that the DNA-binding protein Sp1 functions as an important trans-activator during cell development and differentiation. In the present study, the developmental(More)
Trinucleotide repeat sequences have become of great interest due to their association with specific genetic disorders. Here we report the identification of a cDNA containing opa trinucleotide repeats from mouse testis, termed t-OPA. The opa repeat is contained within the longest open reading frame within the cDNA. Northern analysis demonstrated that four(More)
TATA-box-binding protein (TBP) is a highly conserved RNA polymerase II general transcription factor that binds to the core promoter and initiates assembly of the preinitiation complex. Two proteins with high homology to TBP have been found: TBP-related factor 1 (TRF1), described only in Drosophila melanogaster, and TRF2, which is broadly distributed in(More)
E2Fs play a central role in cell proliferation and growth arrest through their ability to regulate genes involved in cell cycle progression, arrest and apoptosis. Recent studies further indicate that this family of transcriptional regulators participate in cell fate/differentiation events. They are thus likely to have a prominent role in controlling the(More)
Protein-protein interactions involving specific transactivation domains play a central role in gene transcription and its regulation. The promoter-specific transcription factor Sp1 contains two glutamine-rich transcriptional activation domains (A and B) that mediate direct interactions with the transcription factor TFIID complex associated with RNA(More)
TATA-binding protein (TBP) and its associated factors are required for transcriptional initiation by all three RNA polymerases, and evidence for regulation of their activities during early development has been recently reported. In the present study, we have investigated the regulation of TBP gene expression during male germ cell development. TBP mRNA was(More)