Stephan Morgenthaler

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SUMMARY The combination of evidence from independent studies has a curious history. The origins reach back at least to the beginning of the twentieth century. Since the mid-seventies the term meta-analysis (G. Glass, 1976 presidential address to the American Educational Research Association) has become popular in several fields, among them medical(More)
We study an adaptive statistical approach to analyze brain networks represented by brain connection matrices of interregional connectivity (connectomes). Our approach is at a middle level between a global analysis and single connections analysis by considering subnetworks of the global brain network. These subnetworks represent either the inter-connectivity(More)
Brain connectivity can be represented by a network that enables the comparison of the different patterns of structural and functional connectivity among individuals. In the literature, two levels of statistical analysis have been considered in comparing brain connectivity across groups and subjects: 1) the global comparison where a single measure that(More)
Detecting local differences between groups of connectomes is a great challenge in neuroimaging, because the large number of tests that have to be performed and the impact on multiplicity correction. Any available information should be exploited to increase the power of detecting true between-group effects. We present an adaptive strategy that exploits the(More)
Carcinogenesis is commonly described as a multistage process, in which stem cells are transformed into cancer cells via a series of mutations. In this article, we consider extensions of the multistage carcinogenesis model by mixture modeling. This approach allows us to describe population heterogeneity in a biologically meaningful way. We focus on finite(More)
Adult age-specific colorectal cancer incidence rates increase exponentially from maturity, reach a maximum, then decline in extreme old age. Armitage and Doll (1) postulated that the exponential increase resulted from "n" mutations occurring throughout adult life in normal "cells at risk" that initiated the growth of a preneoplastic colony in which(More)
We apply the univariate sliced inverse regression (SIR) to survival data. Our approach is different from the other papers on this subject. The right-censored observations are taken into account during the slicing of the survival times by assigning each of them with equal weight to all of the slices with longer survival. We test this method with different(More)
In neuroimaging, a large number of correlated tests are routinely performed to detect active voxels in single-subject experiments or to detect regions that differ between individuals belonging to different groups. In order to bound the probability of a false discovery of pair-wise differences, a Bonferroni or other correction for multiplicity is necessary.(More)