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Lethal catatonia, a life-threatening febrile neuropsychiatric disorder, was widely reported in this country and abroad before the introduction of modern psychopharmacologic treatments. A comprehensive review of the world literature indicates that although the prevalence of lethal catatonia may have declined, it continues to occur, now reported primarily in(More)
Administration of haloperidol (1.4-1.6 mg/kg/day) for up to 12 months or sulpiride (102-109 mg/kg/day) for between 6 and 12 months increased the frequency of purposeless chewing jaw movements in rats. N,n-propylnorapomorphine (NPA) (0.25-2.0 mg/kg SC) did not induce hypoactivity in haloperidol-treated rats at any time; sulpiride treatment for 9 and 12(More)
Rats were treated continuously for 12 months with therapeutically equivalent doses of either haloperidol (1.4-1.6 mg/kg/day), sulpiride (102-109 mg/kg/day), or clozapine (24-27 mg/kg/day). After treatment for 3 and 12 months with haloperidol or clozapine but not sulpiride, striatal acetylcholine levels were increased. Striatal choline acetyltransferase(More)
Comorbid cocaine abuse adversely affects clinical outcomes in schizophrenia. Using a prospective, randomized, parallel group design (N = 24), we tested the hypothesis that patients with schizophrenia treated with olanzapine have reduced cocaine craving and abuse compared with those treated with haloperidol. In addition, we examined whether this differential(More)
Using a single-patient (n = 1) clinical trial, we studied a 7-year-old boy who presented with unsatisfactory progress in school and whose electroencephalogram had very active independent frontal spike discharges. He had not had clinical seizures. The patient was randomized to receive valproic acid, 125 mg twice daily, (four periods) or matching placebo(More)
BACKGROUND Catatonia is associated with excess early mortality when it is unrecognized or inadequately treated. The characteristics of the lethal catatonia subtype are now well described, but the excess mortality of the remaining patients with catatonic syndrome, particularly from pulmonary embolism, appears to be inadequately recognized. The fatal risk of(More)
OBJECTIVE The lack of generally accepted diagnostic criteria for neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) impedes research and clinical management of patients receiving antipsychotic medications. The purpose of this study was to develop NMS diagnostic criteria reflecting a broad consensus among clinical knowledge experts, represented by an international(More)
Data from clinical trials reviewed in this article fulfill predictions based on preclinical findings that atypical antipsychotic drugs are associated with a reduced potential for inducing extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) and other movement disorders. Atypical drugs have been shown to reduce all subtypes of acute EPS, the frequency of EPS-related patient(More)
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is usually a self-limited disorder, with most cases resolving within 2 weeks after antipsychotic drug discontinuation. However, the course of NMS may not always be short-lived. In this report, the authors describe five patients who developed a residual catatonic state that persisted after acute hyperthermic symptoms of(More)