Stephan Lorenzen

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SUMMARY The Structural Alignment Program STRAP is a comfortable comprehensive editor and analyzing tool for protein alignments. A wide range of functions related to protein sequences and protein structures are accessible with an intuitive graphical interface. Recent features include mapping of mutations and polymorphisms onto structures and production of(More)
There is a debate on the folding of proteins with inverted sequences. Theoretical approaches and experiments give contradictory results. Many proteins in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) show conspicuous inverse sequence similarity (ISS) to each other. Here we analyze whether this ISS is related to structural similarity. For the first time, we performed a large(More)
RHYTHM is a web server that predicts buried versus exposed residues of helical membrane proteins. Starting from a given protein sequence, secondary and tertiary structure information is calculated by RHYTHM within only a few seconds. The prediction applies structural information from a growing data base of precalculated packing files and evolutionary(More)
A major challenge of the protein docking problem is to define scoring functions that can distinguish near-native protein complex geometries from a large number of non-native geometries (decoys) generated with noncomplexed protein structures (unbound docking). In this study, we have constructed a neural network that employs the information from atom-pair(More)
Structures of hitherto unknown protein complexes can be predicted by docking the solved protein monomers. Here, we present a method to refine initial docking estimates of protein complex structures by a Monte Carlo approach including rigid-body moves and side-chain optimization. The energy function used is comprised of van der Waals, Coulomb, and atomic(More)
Protein synthesis is a primary energy-consuming process in the cell. Therefore, under hypoxic conditions, rapid inhibition of global mRNA translation represents a major protective strategy to maintain energy metabolism. How some mRNAs, especially those that encode crucial survival factors, continue to be efficiently translated in hypoxia is not completely(More)
Since protein complex crystallization is expensive and time-consuming, computational docking tools provide a valuable method to investigate protein interactions. While the sampling of possible docked conformers of two proteins can be performed efficiently by Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) methods, the selection of near-native decoys from the pool of thousands(More)
In vitro cultivation of Plasmodium falciparum is critical for studying the biology of this parasite. However, it is likely that different in vitro cultivation conditions influence various aspects of the parasite's life cycle. In the present study two P. falciparum isolates were cultivated using the two most common methods, in which AlbuMAX or human serum as(More)
In Portugal, entomological surveys to detect phleboviruses in their natural vectors have not been performed so far. Thus, the aims of the present study were to detect, isolate and characterize phleboviruses in sandfly populations of Portugal. From May to October 2007–2008, 896 female sandflies were trapped in Arrábida region, located on the southwest coast(More)
Protein-protein docking is a major task in structural biology. In general, the geometries of protein pairs are sampled by generating docked conformations, analyzing them with scoring functions and selecting appropriate geometries for further refinement. Here, we present an algorithm in real space to sample geometries of protein pairs. Therefore, we(More)
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