Stephan L. Haas

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The photon scattering properties of aperiodic nanoscale dielectric structures can be tailored to closely match a desired response by using adaptive algorithms for device design. We show that broken symmetry of aperiodic designs provides access to device functions not available to conventional periodic photonic crystal structures.
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) occurs mainly in people older than 50 years of age. Although great strides have been taken in treating PDAC over the past decades its incidence nearly equals its mortality rate and it was quoted as the 4th leading cause of cancer deaths in the U.S. in 2012. This review aims to focus on research models and scientific(More)
Adaptive quantum design identifies the best broken-symmetry configurations of atoms and molecules that enable a desired target function response. In this work, numerical optimization is used to design atomic clusters with specified quasiparticle densities of states. The dominant self-assembled building blocks of these engineered quantum systems are found to(More)
Adaptive design may be used to synthesize a conduction band potential profile to obtain desired nonequilibrium electron transmission-voltage characteristics. Our methodology is illustrated by designing a two-terminal linear element in which electron motion is limited by quantum mechanical transmission through a potential profile. The scaling of classical(More)
Using adaptive algorithms, the design of nanoscale dielectric structures for photonic applications is explored. Widths of dielectric layers in a linear array are adjusted to match target responses of optical transmission as a function of energy. Two complementary approaches are discussed. The first approach uses adaptive local random updates and(More)
Since the discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in the cuprates a theoretical understanding of their phase diagram has remained one of the major outstanding problems in condensed matter physics. Here we propose an effective low-energy Hamiltonian which produces both d-wave density wave (dDW) and d-wave superconducting (dSC) solutions within the(More)
We study field-induced magnetic order in cubic lattices of dimers with antiferromagnetic Heisenberg interactions. The thermal critical exponents at the quantum phase transition from a spin liquid to a magnetically ordered phase are determined from stochastic series expansion quantum Monte Carlo simulations. These exponents are independent of the interdimer(More)
We use a stepwise pulling protocol in molecular dynamics simulations to identify how a G-quadruplex selects and conducts Na(+), K(+), and NH4(+) ions. By estimating the minimum free-energy changes of the ions along the central channel via Jarzynski's equality, we find that the G-quadruplex selectively binds the ionic species in the following order: K(+) >(More)
The ability of biological ion channels to conduct selected ions across cell membranes is critical for the survival of both animal and bacterial cells. Numerous investigations of ion selectivity have been conducted over more than 50 years, yet the mechanisms whereby the channels select certain ions and reject others are not well understood. Here we report a(More)
A microscopic, nonlocal response theory is developed to model the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with inhomogeneous nanoscale clusters. The breakdown of classical continuum-field Mie theory is demonstrated at a critical coarse-graining threshold, below which macroscopic plasmon resonances are replaced by molecular excitations with suppressed(More)