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BACKGROUND Increasing numbers of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) were studied and approved for therapy of malignancies and other diseases. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a specific, simple and rapid quantification method for various TKIs in human plasma. METHODS A simultaneous test for six TKIs (erlotinib, imatinib, lapatinib,(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations in the Fms-like tyrosine-3 (FLT3) gene have a dismal prognosis. Here we report compassionate-use results with the multikinase and FLT3-ITD inhibitor sorafenib for the treatment of relapsed or refractory FLT3-ITD-positive AML. Sorafenib induced clinically meaningful and(More)
Despite major improvements in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation over the past decades, corticosteroid-refractory (SR) acute (a) and chronic (c) graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) cause high mortality. Preclinical evidence indicates the potent anti-inflammatory properties of the JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib. In this retrospective survey, 19 stem(More)
Preliminary evidence suggests that the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib has clinical activity in FLT3-ITD-positive (FLT3-ITD) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the quality and sustainability of achievable remissions and clinical variables that influence the outcome of sorafenib monotherapy are largely undefined. To address these questions, we evaluated(More)
The CDK2-associated cyclin A1 is essential for spermatogenesis and contributes to leukemogenesis. The detailed molecular functions of cyclin A1 remain unclear, since the molecular networks involving cyclin A1-CDK2 have not been elucidated. Here, we identified novel cyclin A1/CDK2 interaction partners in a yeast triple-hybrid approach. Several novel proteins(More)
Cell cycle aberrations are associated with therapy outcome in many types of cancer. We analyzed mRNA expression levels of 18 cell cycle-related genes in bone marrow samples from 78 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and six controls using high-throughput quantitative RT-PCR. Samples of AML patients contained significantly increased mRNA expression levels(More)
Internal tandem duplications (ITD) in the Fms-related tyrosine kinase 3 receptor (FLT3) are associated with a dismal prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). FLT3 inhibitors such as sorafenib may improve outcome, but only few patients display long-term responses, prompting the search for underlying resistance mechanisms and therapeutic strategies to(More)
BACKGROUND The therapeutic options for relapsed or refractory FLT3-ITD positive AML are limited, particularly in case of a prior allogenic stem cell transplantation (SCT) or poor performance status. The clinical value of a targeted intervention using the FLT3-ITD-specific inhibitor sorafenib in this situation is largely unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
A minority of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients is capable of successfully discontinuing imatinib. Treatment modalities to increase this proportion are currently unknown. Here, we assessed the role of interferon alpha 2a (IFN) on therapy discontinuation in a previously reported cohort of 20 chronic phase CML patients who were treated upfront with IFN(More)
AML patients with internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutations in the Fms-like tyrosine-3 (Flt3) gene have a dismal prognosis. Here we report compassionate-use results with the multi-kinase-, and Flt3-ITD-inhibitor sorafenib for the treatment of relapsed or refractory Flt3-ITD-positive AML. Sorafenib induced clinically meaningful and very rapid responses in(More)