Stephan Klasen

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Using cross-country and panel regressions, this paper investigates to what extent gender inequality in education and employment may reduce growth and development. The paper finds a considerable impact of gender inequality on economic growth which is robust to changes in specifications and controls for potential endogeneities. The results suggest that gender(More)
Stephan Klasen is with the Department of Economics, University of Munich. His e-mail address is The author is grateful to Jere Behrman, Chitra Bhanu, Mark Blackden, François Bourguignon, Lionel Demery, David Dollar, Bill Easterly, Diane Elson, Roberta Gatti, Beth King, Stephen Knowles, Andy Mason, Claudio Montenegro, Dorian Owen,(More)
In many Asian countries the ratio of male to female population is higher than in the West – as high as 1.07 in China and India, and even higher in Pakistan. A number of authors (most notably Sen, 1992) have suggested that this imbalance reflects excess female mortality and, as a result, have argued that as many as 100 million women are “missing.” This paper(More)
We investigate the geographical and socioeconomic determinants of childhood undernutrition in Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia, three neighboring countries in Southern Africa using the 1992 Demographic and Health Surveys. We estimate models of undernutrition jointly for the three countries to explore regional patterns of undernutrition that transcend boundaries,(More)
We estimate semiparametric regression models of chronic undernutrition (stunting) using the 1992 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) from Tanzania and Zambia. We focus particularly on the influence of the child's age, the mother's body mass index, and spatial influences on chronic undernutrition. Conventional parametric regression models are not flexible(More)
In this article, we critically review the three most common approaches of assessing chronic food insecurity and undernutrition: (i) the FAO indicator of undernourishment, (ii) household food consumption surveys, and (iii) childhood anthropometrics. There is a striking and worrying degree of inconsistency when one compares available estimates, which is due(More)
Development Report (HDR) in an effort to chart the progress of broad indicators of well-being around the world. In contrast to a focus on income as the sole measure of economic progress, these reports have also emphasized the importance of other indicators of well-being that are often not closely related to income, such as life expectancy and education.(More)