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An MRI technique with high selectivity and sensitivity to the signal components in the chemical shift range of methylene and methyl protons of fatty acids has been developed for noninvasive assessment of muscular fat in vivo. A spoiled gradient-echo sequence with spatial-spectral excitation by six equidistant pulses with 2 degrees -(-9 degrees )-17 degrees(More)
The fatty acid-conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) enhances glucose tolerance and insulin action on skeletal muscle glucose transport in rodent models of insulin resistance. However, no study has directly compared the metabolic effects of the two primary CLA isomers, cis-9,trans-11-CLA (c9,t11-CLA) and trans-10,cis-12-CLA (t10,c12-CLA). Therefore, we assessed(More)
OBJECTIVE As glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists lower blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), we examined BP control in relation to targets set by international bodies prior to randomization in the Liraglutide Effect and Action in Diabetes: Evaluation of cardiovascular outcome Results (LEADER) trial. METHODS We analyzed baseline(More)
INTRODUCTION During the 'Knowing what matters in diabetes: healthier below 7' diabetes campaign, more than 30 000 randomly participating individuals underwent an occasional, voluntary diabetes risk check between 2005 and 2014. METHODS This campaign aimed to inform individuals in Germany about diabetes mellitus and its complications, the established risk(More)
Given strategies, e.g. for environmental policies or environmental goals are one of the most successful tools to realize sustainable environmental protection. For organizations it is possible to coordinate internal and external relationships resulting in reactions onto these influences; for public environmental departments it is a perfect verification which(More)
INTRODUCTION Type 2 diabetes represents a major problem in many societies. Early detection and, even better, prevention could help to reduce the burden of the disease. Therefore, increased awareness of disorders of glucose metabolism is important. During the campaign 'Knowing what Matters in diabetes: Healthier below 7', in the last few years, more than 31(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacological and clinical differences between insulin glargine and NPH insulin may translate into differences in patient reported outcomes, but existing data are equivocal. METHODS In this 48-week, open-label, randomized, multi-center, crossover phase IV trial, insulin naïve type 2 diabetes patients with blood glucose not at target on oral(More)