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Eleven patients being evaluated with intracranial electroencephalography for medically resistant temporal lobe epilepsy participated in a visual recognition memory task. Interictal epileptiform spikes were manually marked and their rate of occurrence compared between baseline and three 2 s periods spanning a 6 s viewing period. During successful, but not… (More)
OBJECT Predicting which patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) will develop delayed ischemic neurological deficit (DIND) due to vasospasm remains subjective and unreliable. The authors analyzed the utility of a novel software-based technique to quantify hemorrhage volume in patients with Fisher Grade 3 aneurysmal SAH. METHODS Patients with… (More)
An adaptation to render an existing popular stereotactic apparatus compatible with computed tomography (CT) is described. A localization system attaches to the stereotactic head holder and a simple computer program allows considerable accuracy in the translation of CT data into stereotactic space in the operating room.
High-resolution dynamic infrared (DIR) imaging provides intraoperative real-time physiological, anatomical, and pathological information; however, DIR imaging has rarely been used in neurosurgical patients. The authors report on their initial experience with intraoperative DIR imaging in 30 such patients. A novel, long-wave (8-10 microm), narrow-band,… (More)
In patients with medically intractable complex partial seizures of temporal lobe origin, stereotactic amygdalohippocampectomy can now provide excellent results. Target structures can be accurately identified and completely resected with use of a carbon dioxide laser. In a series of 18 patients who underwent this computer-interactive procedure, all… (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine with intraoperative neurologic and language examinations the maximal tumor resection achievable with acceptable postoperative neurologic dysfunction in patients undergoing awake stereotactic glial tumor resection in eloquent regions of the brain. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between October 1995 and December 2000, 65 patients underwent… (More)
Computer interpolation of stereotaxic computerized tomography (CT) scanning data allows the transposition of a tumor volume in stereotaxic space. A stereotaxically directed and computer-monitored CO2 laser is then utilized to vaporize that volume as the surgeon monitors the position of a cursor representing the laser beam against planar contours of the… (More)
The authors describe a cylindrical retractor that is attached to a standard stereotaxic frame. This retractor provides a route for stereotaxic procedures and exposure of and a reference structure for the computer-assisted removal of deep-seated intracranial lesions defined stereotaxically by computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.
We studied the effects of medial pallidotomy in the first 20 consecutive patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) undergoing this MRI/electrophysiologically guided procedure at our institution. The mean age of patients was 65.5 years (median 66.5) and none suffered any serious complications. Pallidotomy significantly improved motor function in both "on" and… (More)
Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN DBS) ameliorates motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease, but the precise mechanism is still unknown. Here, using a large animal (pig) model of human STN DBS neurosurgery, we utilized fast-scan cyclic voltammetry in combination with a carbon-fiber microelectrode (CFM) implanted into the striatum to monitor… (More)