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Eleven patients being evaluated with intracranial electroencephalography for medically resistant temporal lobe epilepsy participated in a visual recognition memory task. Interictal epileptiform spikes were manually marked and their rate of occurrence compared between baseline and three 2 s periods spanning a 6 s viewing period. During successful, but not(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine with intraoperative neurologic and language examinations the maximal tumor resection achievable with acceptable postoperative neurologic dysfunction in patients undergoing awake stereotactic glial tumor resection in eloquent regions of the brain. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between October 1995 and December 2000, 65 patients underwent(More)
Computer interpolation of stereotaxic computerized tomography (CT) scanning data allows the transposition of a tumor volume in stereotaxic space. A stereotaxically directed and computer-monitored CO2 laser is then utilized to vaporize that volume as the surgeon monitors the position of a cursor representing the laser beam against planar contours of the(More)
We studied the effects of medial pallidotomy in the first 20 consecutive patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) undergoing this MRI/electrophysiologically guided procedure at our institution. The mean age of patients was 65.5 years (median 66.5) and none suffered any serious complications. Pallidotomy significantly improved motor function in both "on" and(More)
This article discusses the evolution of our stereotactic system which evolved from the commercially available Todd-Wells stereotactic instrument. The Todd-Wells frame was originally designed for radiographically based, functional neurosurgical procedures. We modified it for computed tomography compatibility and later devised localization systems for(More)
Stereotactic ventralis lateralis thalamotomy can be performed in selected patients with medically intractable parkinsonian tremor and rigidity. New technology, including computed tomography-based stereotaxis and microelectrode recording techniques, provides a data base for precise localization of thalamic lesions tailored to each patient and thus reduces(More)
OBJECT Predicting which patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) will develop delayed ischemic neurological deficit (DIND) due to vasospasm remains subjective and unreliable. The authors analyzed the utility of a novel software-based technique to quantify hemorrhage volume in patients with Fisher Grade 3 aneurysmal SAH. METHODS Patients with(More)
Essential tremor is often markedly reduced during deep brain stimulation simply by implanting the stimulating electrode before activating neurostimulation. Referred to as the microthalamotomy effect, the mechanisms of this unexpected consequence are thought to be related to microlesioning targeted brain tissue, that is, a microscopic version of tissue(More)
High-resolution dynamic infrared (DIR) imaging provides intraoperative real-time physiological, anatomical, and pathological information; however, DIR imaging has rarely been used in neurosurgical patients. The authors report on their initial experience with intraoperative DIR imaging in 30 such patients. A novel, long-wave (8-10 microm), narrow-band,(More)