Stephan Hruby

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility of visualizing lymphatic drainage of the prostate using indocyanine green. The results were compared with standard radio-guided sentinel lymph node dissection and validated by extended pelvic lymph node dissection. METHODS From March 2010 to October 2011, (99m)Tc-labelled colloid (18 hours before surgery) and(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated pathological features of prostate cancer detected on repeat prostate biopsy in men with a serum total prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level between 4 and 10 ng/ml who were diagnosed with benign prostatic tissue after an initial biopsy and compared them to those cancers detected on initial prostate biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this(More)
OBJECTIVES To define the role of total prostate (TP) volume, transition zone (TZ) volume, and age as determinants of the utility of prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based diagnostic parameters for early detection of prostate cancer (PCa) in a prospective multicenter study. METHODS The study participants were 974 consecutive men with serum total PSA (tPSA)(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Transurethral resection of the prostate has long been held as the gold standard for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); however, there have been significant innovations in other less invasive alternative treatments for BPH in recent years. Our purpose is to present emerging surgical treatment modalities which have been(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate pain perception in men undergoing flexible or rigid diagnostic cystoscopy. METHODS This is a prospective multi-institutional analysis of men undergoing cystoscopy in 4 European departments of urology. Pain perception was assessed with an 11-point numeric rating scale. Pain categories were as follows: no (0 points), mild (1-3),(More)
To prospectively assess anxiety and depression in patients undergoing diagnostic cystoscopy. Patients presenting for outpatient diagnostic cystoscopy were recruited from four European urological departments. Anxiety and depression were assessed with the ‘Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale’ (HADS) before cystoscopy and after 1 week. Statistical analyses,(More)
PURPOSE Retrograde ureteral access after cross-trigonal ureteral reimplantation can be challenging. We present our experience with retrograde ureteral catheterization and flexible ureteroscopy after Cohen cross-trigonal reimplantation in patients presenting with ureteral stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cystoscopy is performed and a Tiemann ureteral catheter(More)
The armamentarium of minimally invasive treatment modalities for patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia has increased steadily during the past decade. The energy sources used range from microwaves and radiofrequency waves to high-intensity focused ultrasound, with laser vaporization/coagulation/resection and electrosurgical techniques. The large amount(More)
CONTEXT Extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND) is the gold standard for detecting lymph node (LN) metastases in prostate cancer (PCa). The benefit of sentinel node biopsy (SNB), which is the first draining LN as assessed by imaging of locally injected tracers, remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To assess the diagnostic accuracy of SNB in PCa. (More)