Stephan Halbach

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The aim of the present study was to compare the reduction of subjective complaints by 3 treatment strategies in 90 "amalgam patients" whose complaints could not be explained by a medical or psychological disorder. The individuals were randomly assigned either to removal of dental amalgam only (removal group), or removal in combination with a "biological(More)
In 29 volunteers with a low amalgam load, the number of amalgam-covered tooth surfaces and the occlusal area of the fillings were determined. Concentrations of total mercury were measured in plasma and erythrocytes as well as in urine together with the excretion rate. Absorbed daily doses were estimated from intraoral Hg emission by two separate methods.(More)
In 29 volunteers with a low amalgam load, the number of amalgam-covered tooth surfaces and the occlusal area of the fillings were determined. Before and at select times after removal of all amalgams, concentrations of total mercury were measured by cold-vapor atomic absorption in plasma and erythrocytes as well as in urine together with the excretion rate.(More)
It was the aim of this investigation to treat 20 volunteers with maximally 5 amalgam fillings by the same comprehensive protocol in which all removals with (n = 8) and without (n = 12) rubber dam had been performed within a few months. Nine amalgam-related parameters indicated a close matching of both groups before removal. In the group without rubber dam,(More)
Next to nutrition, amalgam fillings represent the main source for exposure of the general population to mercury. Toxicological considerations focus on the dose of mercury resulting from such exposure. Various approaches to estimate this dose are reviewed. Introducing the dose into the known toxicokinetic model for mercury, tissue and blood and urine(More)
Amalgam fillings constitute, after food, the main source of exposure to mercury for the general population. Banning amalgam would incur huge costs for additional dental treatment. An evaluation of potential health risks must be based on the mercury dose released from fillings. In this study, dose is estimated by a new procedure of mercury speciation which(More)
The number of amalgam-covered surfaces and the occlusal area of the fillings, the concentrations of total mercury in plasma, erythrocytes and urine, the urinary excretion rate, and the absorbed daily doses estimated by two separate methods from intra-oral Hg emission were determined in 29 volunteers with a low amalgam load. The transfer of Hg from the(More)
  • S Halbach
  • International archives of occupational and…
  • 1995
Amalgam fillings constitute, after food, the main source of exposure to mercury for the general population. An evaluation of potential health risks has to be based on the dose of mercury released from the fillings. This dose is estimated by a new procedure of mercury speciation which elutes the released elemental and inorganic mercury with solvents of(More)
Ethylene glycol (EG) is a widely used liquid. Limited data are published regarding inhaled EG and no data regarding transdermal EG uptake in humans. In order to gain information on the quantitative fate of EG, four male volunteers inhaled between 1340 and 1610 micromol vaporous 13C-labeled EG (13C2-EG) for 4h. Separately, three of these subjects were(More)
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