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Currently, there is a lack of stand-alone geo-monitoring systems for harsh environments that are easy to configure, deploy and manage, while at the same time adhering to science grade quality requirements. In a joint computer and geoscience project we have built and deployed a wireless sensor network for measuring permafrost related parameters. Using these(More)
The PermaSense project has set the ambitious goal of gathering real-time environmental data for high-mountain permafrost in unattended operation over multiple years. This paper discusses the specialized sensing and data recovery architecture tailored to meet the precision, reliability and durability requirements of scientists utilizing the data for model(More)
Longitudinal and transverse relaxation times were measured for proton MRS signals from human brain metabolites at 3 T using a short-echo STEAM protocol and a surface coil as a transmitter/receiver. Volumes of interest containing mostly grey or mostly white matter were selected in occipital lobes of healthy subjects and relaxation times for the following(More)
Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the human brain. It plays a decisive role in a variety of nervous system disorders, such as anxiety disorders, epilepsy, schizophrenia, insomnia, and many others. The reproducibility of GABA quantification results obtained with a single-voxel spectroscopy J-difference editing(More)
In a systematic study on the interdependence of linewidth, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and spatial resolution in 3D proton spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-SI) at 3 T, we demonstrate reduced linewidths with increased spatial resolution due to reduced magnetic inhomogeneity within the brain. High-precision quantitative data (0.75-0.094 cm(3)) were obtained for(More)
We describe the design of an acoustic emission (AE) measurement assembly for reliable acquisition of a multi-year time-series in steep alpine rock-walls. The motivation for collection of these data is to enhance understanding of freezing-induced rock damage. Because measurements in natural rock slopes are challenging, this study investigates technical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The underlying changes in the neuronal connectivity adjacent to brain tumors cannot always be depicted by conventional MR imaging. The hypothesis of this study was that preoperative sensorimotor deficits are associated with impairment in pyramidal fiber bundles. Hence, we investigated the potential of combined quantitative diffusion(More)
OBJECT It is often difficult to delineate the extent of invasion of high- and low-grade gliomas into normal brain tissue by using conventional T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Knowledge of the relationship between the tumor infiltration zone and normal brain, however, is one of the prerequisites for performing as radical a tumor(More)
Phosphorus ((31)P) T(1) and T(2) relaxation times in the resting human calf muscle were assessed by interleaved, surface coil localized inversion recovery and frequency-selective spin-echo at 3 and 7 T. The obtained T(1) (mean +/- SD) decreased significantly (P < 0.05) from 3 to 7 T for phosphomonoesters (PME) (8.1 +/- 1.7 s to 3.1 +/- 0.9 s),(More)
The goal of this study was to evaluate a new method of combining multi-channel (1)H MRSI data by direct use of a matching imaging scan as a reference, rather than computing sensitivity maps. Seven healthy volunteers were measured on a 7-T MR scanner using a head coil with a 32-channel array coil for receive-only and a volume coil for receive/transmit. The(More)