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Muller's ratchet is a paradigmatic model for the accumulation of deleterious mutations in a population of finite size. A click of the ratchet occurs when all individuals with the least number of deleterious mutations are lost irreversibly due to a stochastic fluctuation. In spite of the simplicity of the model, a quantitative understanding of the process(More)
We introduce a population model for species under cyclic competition. This model allows individuals to coexist and interact on single cells while migration takes place between adjacent cells. In contrast to the model introduced by Reichenbach, Mobilia, and Frey [Reichenbach, Mobilia, and Frey, Nature (London) 448, 1046 (2007)], we find that the emergence of(More)
We obtain the exact solution for the Burgers equation with a time dependent forcing, which depends linearly on the spatial coordinate. For the case of a stochastic time dependence an exact expression for the joint probability distribution for the velocity fields at multiple spatial points is obtained. A connection with stretched vortices in hydrodynamic(More)
Spatial heterogeneity of a host population of mobile agents has been shown to be a crucial determinant of many aspects of disease dynamics, ranging from the proliferation of diseases to their persistence and to vaccination strategies. In addition, the importance of regional and structural differences grows in our modern world. Little is known, though, about(More)
We investigate the geometric properties of two-dimensional continuous time random walks that are used extensively to model stochastic processes exhibiting anomalous diffusion in a variety of different fields. Using the concept of subordination, we determine exact analytical expressions for the average perimeter and area of the convex hulls for this class of(More)
Dynamical processes exhibiting non-Poissonian kinetics with nonexponential waiting times are frequently encountered in nature. Examples are biochemical processes like gene transcription which are known to involve multiple intermediate steps. However, often a second process, obeying Poissonian statistics, affects the first one simultaneously, such as the(More)
The role of external forces in systems exhibiting anomalous diffusion is discussed on the basis of the describing Langevin equations. Since there exist different possibilities to include the effect of an external field the concept of biasing and decoupled external fields is introduced. Complementary to the recently established Langevin equations for(More)
Recently a new type of Kramers-Fokker-Planck equation has been proposed [Friedrich, R.; Jenko, F.; Baule, A.; Eule, S. Phys. Rev. Lett. 2006, 96, 230601] describing anomalous diffusion in external potentials. In the present paper, the explicit cases of a harmonic potential and a velocity-dependent damping are incorporated. Exact relations for moments for(More)