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Muller's ratchet is a paradigmatic model for the accumulation of deleterious mutations in a population of finite size. A click of the ratchet occurs when all individuals with the least number of deleterious mutations are lost irreversibly due to a stochastic fluctuation. In spite of the simplicity of the model, a quantitative understanding of the process(More)
Spatial heterogeneity of a host population of mobile agents has been shown to be a crucial determinant of many aspects of disease dynamics, ranging from the proliferation of diseases to their persistence and to vaccination strategies. In addition, the importance of regional and structural differences grows in our modern world. Little is known, though, about(More)
Dynamical processes exhibiting non-Poissonian kinetics with nonexponential waiting times are frequently encountered in nature. Examples are biochemical processes like gene transcription which are known to involve multiple intermediate steps. However, often a second process, obeying Poissonian statistics, affects the first one simultaneously, such as the(More)
We investigate the geometric properties of two-dimensional continuous time random walks that are used extensively to model stochastic processes exhibiting anomalous diffusion in a variety of different fields. Using the concept of subordination, we determine exact analytical expressions for the average perimeter and area of the convex hulls for this class of(More)
We present a model of stochastic molecular transport in spiny dendrites. In this model the molecules perform a random walk between the spines that trap the walkers. If the molecules interact with each other inside the spines the trapping time in each spine depends on the number of molecules in the respective trap. The corresponding mathematical problem has(More)
Molecules in neurons are in a state far from equilibrium. Therefore their transport properties are strongly affected by fluctuations. We present a model of stochastic molecular transport in neurons which have their synapses located in the spines of a dendrite. In this model we assume that the molecules perform a random walk between the spines that trap the(More)
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