Stephan E Russ

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STUDY OBJECTIVE The primary intention of spiral computed tomography (SCT) in trauma patients is to identify significant injuries. However, unanticipated information is often discovered. We hypothesize that SCT often identifies clinically significant incidental findings in trauma patients. METHODS This was a retrospective protocol chart review of(More)
Symptomatic bradycardia may complicate atrial fibrillation (AF) and necessitate a permanent pacemaker. Identifying patients at increased risk for symptomatic bradycardia may reduce associated morbidities and health care costs. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors for developing bradycardia requiring a permanent pacemaker in patients with AF.(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent position statements from health care organizations have placed a strong emphasis on continuous quality improvement (CQI). CQI finds many of its roots in kaizen, which emphasizes small, low-cost, low-risk improvements. Based on the successful Kaizen Programs at organizations such as Toyota, the authors thought the emergency department(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Atrial fibrillation affects more than 2 million people in the United States and accounts for nearly 1% of emergency department (ED) visits. Physicians have little information to guide risk stratification of patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation and admit more than 65%. Our aim is to assess whether data available in the ED management(More)
OBJECTIVES Blood culture contamination is a common problem in the emergency department (ED) that leads to unnecessary patient morbidity and health care costs. The study objective was to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement (QI) intervention for reducing blood culture contamination in an ED. METHODS The authors developed a QI(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia affecting over 700,000 individuals in Japan and 2.2 million in the USA. The proper management of patients with AF is critical due to the well-documented association with heart failure and stroke. A strategy to better define the emergency department (ED) management, admission(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Emergency department (ED) crowding is a significant problem nationwide, and numerous strategies have been explored to decrease length of stay. Placing a physician in the triage area to rapidly disposition low-acuity patients and begin evaluations on more complex patients is one strategy that can be used to lessen the effect of ED crowding.(More)
BACKGROUND Nonoperative management of hemodynamically stable patients with blunt hepatic injuries has become the standard of care over the past decade. However, controversy regarding the role of in-hospital follow-up computed tomographic (CT) scans as a part of this nonoperative management scheme is ongoing. Although many institutions, including our own,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In an effort to compensate for crowding, many emergency departments (EDs) evaluate and treat patients in nontraditional settings such as gurneys in hallways and conference rooms. The impact of this practice on ED evaluation time is unknown. RESEARCH DESIGN AND SUBJECTS A historical cohort of adult ED visits to an academic(More)
In 2007, the WHO recommended that healthcare providers in areas of a generalised HIV epidemic perform HIV testing on all adults and adolescents presenting for healthcare. Studies regarding patient acceptability of opt-out testing, however, have reported wide variation in acceptance rates. This study examines patient-reported acceptability of such testing at(More)