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Little is known about the neural correlates of tics and associated urges. In the present study, we aimed to explore the neural basis of tics in patients with Tourette syndrome by using event-related functional MRI (fMRI). Ten patients (6 women, 4 men; age: mean +/- SD = 31 +/- 11.2) were studied while spontaneously exhibiting a variety of motor and vocal(More)
Skilled gestures require the integrity of the neural networks involved in storage, retrieval, and execution of motor programs. Premotor cortex and/or parietal cortex lesions frequently produce deficits during performance of gestures, transitive more than intransitive. The dorsal stream links object information with object action, suggesting that mechanical(More)
Anxiolytic and sedative effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) are thought to involve inhibition of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Enhanced secretion of CRH plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of major depression, characterized by sleep disturbances, anxiety and loss of appetite. We examined for the first time in young men effects of intravenous(More)
A controversial concept suggests that impaired finger dexterity in Parkinson's disease may be related to limb kinetic apraxia that is not explained by elemental motor deficits such as bradykinesia. To explore the nature of dexterous difficulties, the aim of the present study was to assess the relationship of finger dexterity with ideomotor praxis function(More)
The organization of the normal perceptual processing subserving tactile object recognition is poorly understood. While perceptual deficits associated with cases of tactile agnosia may pinpoint sites of critical interference with normal tactile information processing, the precise character of such deficits remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate cerebral structure in Tourette's syndrome (TS). METHODS Voxel-based morphometry study of high-resolution MRIs in 31 TS patients compared with 31 controls. RESULTS Increased gray matter mainly in the left mesencephalon in 31 TS patients. INTERPRETATION This result constitutes strong and direct evidence supporting Devinsky's(More)
Ideomotor apraxia is a disorder mainly of praxis planning, and the deficit is typically more evident in pantomiming transitive (tool related) than intransitive (communicative) gestures. The goal of the present study was to assess differential hemispheric lateralization of praxis production using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging.(More)
Administration of hormones to humans and animals results in specific effects on the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) and nocturnal hormone secretion. Studies with pulsatile administration of various neuropeptides in young and old normal controls and in patients with depression suggest they play a key role in sleep-endocrine regulation. Growth hormone(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired manual dexterity is frequent and disabling in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), affecting activities of daily living (ADL) and quality of life. OBJECTIVE We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a standardized, home-based training program to improve manual dexterity and dexterity-related ADL in MS patients. METHODS This was a(More)
BACKGROUND Only few standardized apraxia scales are available and they do not cover all domains and semantic features of gesture production. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of a newly developed test of upper limb apraxia (TULIA), which is comprehensive and still short to administer. METHODS The(More)