Stephan Bohlhalter

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Little is known about the neural correlates of tics and associated urges. In the present study, we aimed to explore the neural basis of tics in patients with Tourette syndrome by using event-related functional MRI (fMRI). Ten patients (6 women, 4 men; age: mean +/- SD = 31 +/- 11.2) were studied while spontaneously exhibiting a variety of motor and vocal(More)
The organization of the normal perceptual processing subserving tactile object recognition is poorly understood. While perceptual deficits associated with cases of tactile agnosia may pinpoint sites of critical interference with normal tactile information processing, the precise character of such deficits remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to(More)
Skilled gestures require the integrity of the neural networks involved in storage, retrieval, and execution of motor programs. Premotor cortex and/or parietal cortex lesions frequently produce deficits during performance of gestures, transitive more than intransitive. The dorsal stream links object information with object action, suggesting that mechanical(More)
To assess the significance of GABAA-receptor heterogeneity, which is based on a family of at least 15 subunits, the cellular localization and subunit composition of GABAA-receptor subtypes were analyzed immunohistochemically in the rat spinal cord. The distribution of subunits alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3, alpha 5, beta 2,3, and gamma 2 was investigated with(More)
Ideomotor apraxia is a disorder mainly of praxis planning, and the deficit is typically more evident in pantomiming transitive (tool related) than intransitive (communicative) gestures. The goal of the present study was to assess differential hemispheric lateralization of praxis production using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging.(More)
Synaptic inhibition in rat spinal cord is mediated by the amino acids gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine. Most spinal cord neurons respond to both neurotransmitters, suggesting co-expression of GABAA- and strychnine-sensitive glycine-receptors in individual cells. While the distribution of glycine-receptors has been extensively characterized, much(More)
BACKGROUND Apraxia in patients with stroke may be overlooked, as clumsiness and deficient gestural communication are often attributed to frequently coexisting sensorimotor deficits and aphasia. Early and reliable detection of apraxia by a bedside test is relevant for functional outcome in patients with stroke. The present study was aimed at constructing a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate cerebral structure in Tourette's syndrome (TS). METHODS Voxel-based morphometry study of high-resolution MRIs in 31 TS patients compared with 31 controls. RESULTS Increased gray matter mainly in the left mesencephalon in 31 TS patients. INTERPRETATION This result constitutes strong and direct evidence supporting Devinsky's(More)
Anxiolytic and sedative effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) are thought to involve inhibition of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Enhanced secretion of CRH plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of major depression, characterized by sleep disturbances, anxiety and loss of appetite. We examined for the first time in young men effects of intravenous(More)
Left-sided spatial neglect is a common neurological syndrome following right-hemispheric stroke. The presence of spatial neglect is a powerful predictor of poor rehabilitation outcome. In one influential account of spatial neglect, interhemispheric inhibition is impaired and leads to a pathological hyperactivity in the contralesional hemisphere, resulting(More)