Stephan Block

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BACKGROUND 3D-scaffolds have been shown to direct cell growth and differentiation in many different cell types, with the formation and functionalisation of the 3D-microenviroment being important in determining the fate of the embedded cells. Here we used a hydrogel-based scaffold to investigate the influences of matrix concentration and functionalisation(More)
UNLABELLED Myocardial perfusion imaging with (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin is based on the assumption of a linear correlation between myocardial blood flow (MBF) and tracer uptake. However, it is known that (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin uptake is directly related to energy-dependent transport processes, such as Na(+)/H(+) ion channel activity, as well as cellular and(More)
The tight electrostatic binding of the chemokine platelet factor 4 (PF4) to polyanions induces heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, a prothrombotic adverse drug reaction caused by immunoglobulin G directed against PF4/polyanion complexes. This study demonstrates that nucleic acids, including aptamers, also bind to PF4 and enhance PF4 binding to platelets.(More)
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is the most frequent drug-induced immune reaction affecting blood cells. Its antigen is formed when the chemokine platelet factor 4 (PF4) complexes with polyanions. By assessing polyanions of varying length and degree of sulfation using immunoassay and circular dichroism (CD)-spectroscopy, we show that PF4 structural(More)
Exosomes are cell-secreted nanometer-sized extracellular vesicles that have been reported to play an important role in intercellular communication. They are also considered potential diagnostic markers for various health disorders, and intense investigations are presently directed toward their use as carriers in drug-delivery and gene-therapy applications.(More)
The chemokine platelet factor 4 (PF4) undergoes conformational changes when complexing with polyanions. This can induce the antibody-mediated adverse drug effect of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Understanding why the endogenous protein PF4 becomes immunogenic when complexing with heparin is important for the development of other negatively charged(More)
The colloidal probe technique (CPT) is used to measure distance-dependent interaction forces between polyelectrolyte layers physisorbed from 1 M NaCl solution in salt solutions between 0.1 mM and 1 M. Both linear polycations (poly(allylamine)hydrochloride, poly-L-lysine) and linear polyanions (poly(styrenesulfonate)) are used. The repulsive interaction(More)
Within a liquid cell the linear growth of polyelectrolyte multilayers from poly(styrenesulfonate) (PSS) and poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) is observed with multiple angle null ellipsometry. The salt content is varied between 1 and 4 mol/L NaCl and the temperature between 20 and 55 °C. In the linear growth regime, the outermost layer is investigated.(More)
This document presents the design and performance evaluation of a scalable, reliable, oneto-many multicast transport protocol. We show through simulation that it scales extremely well to a very big number of receivers. The server load (in terms of CPU and memory) is nearly independent of the number of receivers. Reliability is achieved using forward error(More)
We present a nanofluidic device for fluorescence-based detection and characterization of small lipid vesicles on a single particle basis. The device works like a nano flow cytometer where individual vesicles are visualized by fluorescence microscopy while passing through parallel nanochannels in a pressure-driven flow. An experiment requires less than 20 μl(More)