Stephan Biller

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The Internet is changing the automotive industry as the traditional manufacturer and dealer structure faces increased threats from third party e-tailers. Dynamic pricing together with the Direct-to-Customer business model can be used by manufacturers to respond to these challenges. Indeed, by coordinating production and inventory decisions with dynamic(More)
—In closed production lines, each part is placed on a carrier at the input of the first machine and is removed from the carrier at the output of the last machine. The first machine is starved if no carriers are available, and the last machine is blocked if the empty carrier buffer is full. The number of carriers in the system is and the capacity of the(More)
Since the 1980s, the manufacturing environment has seen the introduction of numerous sensor/actuator bus and network protocols for automation systems, which led to increased manufacturing productivity, improved inter-changeability of devices from different vendors, facilitated flexibility and reconfigurability for various applications and improved(More)
M ANUFACTURING accounts for a significant portion of energy expenditure. The industry's energy demand is one-third of the total energy consumption in the U.S. Limited natural resources may be used to generate these energy. Greenhouse gases, harmful emissions may also be generated during material processing, and waste disposal may create pollution to the(More)