Stephan Becker

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BACKGROUND The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) has recently been identified as a new clinical entity. SARS is thought to be caused by an unknown infectious agent. METHODS Clinical specimens from patients with SARS were searched for unknown viruses with the use of cell cultures and molecular techniques. RESULTS A novel coronavirus was identified(More)
The taxonomy of the family Filoviridae (marburgviruses and ebolaviruses) has changed several times since the discovery of its members, resulting in a plethora of species and virus names and abbreviations. The current taxonomy has only been partially accepted by most laboratory virologists. Confusion likely arose for several reasons: species names that(More)
The glycoprotein gene of Ebola virus contains a translational stop codon in the middle, thus preventing synthesis of full-length glycoprotein. Twenty percent of the mRNA isolated from Ebola virus-infected cells was shown to be edited, containing one additional nontemplate A in a stretch of seven consecutive A residues. Only the edited mRNA species encoded(More)
The lectins DC-SIGN and DC-SIGNR can augment viral infection; however, the range of pathogens interacting with these attachment factors is incompletely defined. Here we show that DC-SIGN and DC-SIGNR enhance infection mediated by the glycoprotein (GP) of Marburg virus (MARV) and the S protein of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus and might(More)
The members of the family Filoviridae, Marburg virus (MBGV) and Ebola virus (EBOV), are very similar in terms of morphology, genome organization, and protein composition. To compare the replication and transcription strategies of both viruses, an artificial replication system based on the vaccinia virus T7 expression system was established for EBOV.(More)
BACKGROUND In the current epidemic of Ebola virus disease in western Africa, many aid workers have become infected. Some of these aid workers have been transferred to specialised hospitals in Europe and the USA for intensified treatment, providing the potential for unique insight into the clinical course of Ebola virus disease under optimised supportive(More)
Several major human pathogens, including the filoviruses, paramyxoviruses, and rhabdoviruses, package their single-stranded RNA genomes within helical nucleocapsids, which bud through the plasma membrane of the infected cell to release enveloped virions. The virions are often heterogeneous in shape, which makes it difficult to study their structure and(More)
For years activated natural killer (A-NK) cells have been explored with respect to their efficacy in anticancer therapy, but, except for some anectdotal reports, no clear clinical benefit has been shown. However, as the understanding about the interactions of NK cells and tumor cells advances, the use of A-NK cells might be revisited with more sophisticated(More)
In this study, the components of Marburg virus nucleocapsid complex were determined, and interactions between the compounds were investigated. Using salt dissociation of isolated virions, four proteins (NP, VP35, VP30, and L) remained attached to the core complex. Same proteins were detected intracellularly to be localized in MBGV-induced inclusion bodies,(More)
The role of NADPH oxidase (NOX) and the regulatory subunit p47(phox) for hypoosmotic ROS generation was studied in cultured rat astrocytes and brain slices of wilde type and p47(phox) knock-out mice. Cultured rat astrocytes express mRNAs encoding for the regulatory subunit p47(phox), NOX1, 2, and 4, and the dual oxidases (DUOX)1 and 2, but not NOX3.(More)