Stephan-Andreas Schöniger

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The subcommissural organ (SCO) is an enigmatic secretory gland of the brain, which is believed to be derived from ependymal (glial) precursor cells. We here developed a dispersed cell culture system of the bovine SCO as an approach to functional analyses of this brain gland. Tissue of the bovine SCO obtained from the slaughterhouse was papain dissociated(More)
BACKGROUND The Cerebral State Monitor™ (CSM) is an electroencephalogram (EEG)-based monitor that is claimed to measure the depth of hypnosis during general anesthesia. We calculated the prediction probability (P(K)) for its ability to separate consciousness from unconsciousness in surgical patients with different anesthetic regimens. METHODS Digitized EEG(More)
l-2-Hydroxyglutaric aciduria (l-2-HGA) is a hereditary neurometabolic disorder reported in human beings and dogs. An 11-month-old Staffordshire bull terrier was suspected to have the disease, on the basis of clinical signs and magnetic resonance imaging findings. l-2-HGA was confirmed by urinary organic analysis and DNA testing and the dog was humanely(More)
The subcommissural organ (SCO), an ependymal (glial) circumventricular organ, releases glycoproteins into the cerebrospinal fluid; however, the regulation of its secretory activity is largely unknown. To identify neuroactive substances that may regulate SCO activity, we investigated immunocytochemically identified bovine SCO cells by means of calcium(More)
The circumventricular organs (CVOs) regulate certain vegetative functions. Receptors for bradykinin (BDK) and endothelin (ET) have been found in some CVOs. The subcommissural organ (SCO) is a CVO expressing BDK-B2 receptors and secreting Reissner's fiber (RF) glycoproteins into the cerebrospinal fluid. This investigation was designed to search for ET(More)
This report describes an oligoastrocytoma in the brain of a 3.5-year-old female pet African hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) that showed progressive central nervous system signs for 6 months. Microscopical examination of the brain revealed a widely infiltrative, deep-seated glioma within the white matter of the cerebral hemispheres, basal nuclei,(More)
In humans, neurofibroma and schwannoma are distinct entities within the group of benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors. In the veterinary literature, these tumors are often classified together simply as benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors, and diagnostic criteria for their subclassification are not well established. We describe peripheral nerve sheath(More)
The subcommissural organ (SCO) of mammals is innervated by several neuropeptide and neurotransmitter systems. So far, substance P (SP), oxytocin (OXT), vasopressin (VP), somatostatin (SOM), thyrotropin-releasing factor (TRF), and angiotensin II (ANGII) were identified in neuropeptidergic input systems, and serotonin (5HT), gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA),(More)
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