Stephan A. Ohnmacht

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Tetra-substituted naphthalene diimide (ND) derivatives with positively charged termini are potent stabilizers of human telomeric and gene promoter DNA quadruplexes and inhibit the growth of human cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The present study reports the enhancement of the pharmacological properties of earlier ND compounds using structure-based(More)
Quantifying glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) activity in vivo using positron emission tomography (PET) imaging is of interest because dysregulation of GSK-3 is implicated in numerous diseases and neurological disorders for which GSK-3 inhibitors are being considered as therapeutic strategies. Previous PET radiotracers for GSK-3 have been reported, but(More)
Repeated guanine tracts in human and other genomes can form higher-order four stranded structures, termed quadruplexes. In the human genome they have particular prevalence in telomeric and promoter regions and also in 5'-UTRs and introns. These structures, if unresolved and stabilised by small molecules, can form impediments to transcription and(More)
A family of compounds based upon the chemical structure of valproate were synthesized and assayed for their ability to inhibit glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3 alpha and beta activity in vitro. This data is correlated to the known anti-convulsant properties of these compounds in order to determine the potential role of GSK-3 inhibition in the therapeutic(More)
The synthesis together with biophysical and biological evaluation of a series of tetra-substituted naphthalene diimide (ND) compounds, are presented. These compounds are positional isomers of a recently-described series of quadruplex-binding ND derivatives, in which the two N-methyl-piperidine-alkyl side-chains have now been interchanged with the positions(More)
We report here that a tetra-substituted naphthalene-diimide derivative (MM41) has significant in vivo anti-tumour activity against the MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic cancer xenograft model. IV administration with a twice-weekly 15 mg/kg dose produces ca 80% tumour growth decrease in a group of tumour-bearing animals. Two animals survived tumour-free after 279 days.(More)
Following previous studies on anthraquinone and acridine-based G-quadruplex ligands, here we present a study of similar aromatic cores, with the specific aim of increasing G-quadruplex binding and selectivity with respect to duplex DNA. Synthesized compounds include two and three-side chain xanthone and xanthene derivatives, as well as a dimeric "bridged"(More)
G-quadruplex (G4) DNA structures in telomeres and oncogenic promoter regions are potential targets for cancer therapy, and G4 ligands have been shown to modulate telomerase activity and oncogene transcription. Herein we report the synthesis and G4 thermal stabilisation effects, determined by FRET melting assays, of 20 indolo[3,2-b]quinolines mono-, di-, and(More)
G-Quadruplex-binding compounds are currently perceived as possible anticancer therapeutics. Here, starting from a promising lead, a small series of novel hydrazone-based compounds were synthesized and evaluated as G-quadruplex binders. The in vitro G-quadruplex-binding properties of the synthesized compounds were investigated employing both human telomeric(More)