Stepan P Shumyak

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To explore the brain-targeting of cyclovirobuxine D(CVB-D) after administered intranasally, the pharmacokinetics of CVB-D via three different drug delivery routes: intragastric (i.g.), intranasal (i.n.), and intravenous (i.v.) in rat brain and blood was compared. Firstly, an in vivo microdialysis method for sampling CVB-D in both plasma and brain of the rat(More)
Autoantibodies against a panoply of self-antigens are seen in systemic lupus erythematosus, but only a few (anti-Sm/RNP, anti-Ro/La, anti-dsDNA) are common. The common lupus autoantigens are nucleic acid complexes and levels of autoantibodies can be extraordinarily high. We explore why that is the case. Lupus is associated with impaired central or(More)
OBJECTIVE In vitro studies suggest that the type I interferon (IFN) signature seen in most lupus patients results from Fcγ receptor-mediated uptake of nucleic acid-containing immune complexes by plasmacytoid dendritic cells and engagement of endosomal Toll-like receptors. The aim of this study was to reexamine the pathogenesis of the IFN signature in vivo.(More)
OBJECTIVE Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) in lupus patients confers >50% mortality, and the cause is unknown. We undertook this study to examine the pathogenesis of DAH in C57BL/6 mice with pristane-induced lupus, a model of human lupus-associated DAH. METHODS Clinical/pathologic and immunologic manifestations of DAH in pristane-induced lupus were(More)
Dead cells accumulating in the tissues may contribute to chronic inflammation. We examined the cause of impaired apoptotic cell clearance in human and murine lupus. Dead cells accumulated in bone marrow from lupus patients but not from nonautoimmune patients undergoing myeloablation, where they were efficiently removed by macrophages (MΦ). Impaired(More)
The unusual subset of patients with severe hepatitis, hypergammaglobulinemia, arthritis, and LE cells in the blood reported by Henry Kunkel and others suggested to these investigators that "lupoid" hepatitis might share pathogenic mechanisms with SLE. More than half a century later, the etiology of autoimmune hepatitis remains unclear. The occurrence of(More)
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