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Sensors based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) are powerful tools to monitor signaling events in living mammalian cells. Here we describe development and use of new sensors for cyclic GMP (cGMP) based on cGMP binding domains from cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (GKI) and from phosphodiesterases (PDEs). The temporal and spatial resolution(More)
Previous research has suggested that cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cGKs) may play a role in long-term potentiation in hippocampus, but their site of action has been unknown. We examined this question at synapses between pairs of hippocampal neurons in dissociated cell culture. Injection of a specific peptide inhibitor of cGK into the presynaptic but not(More)
PGE(2) is a well-known inhibitor of the antidiuretic hormone-induced increase of osmotic water permeability (OWP) in different osmoregulatory epithelia; however, the mechanisms underlying this effect of PGE(2) are not completely understood. Here, we report that, in the frog Rana temporaria urinary bladder, EP(1)-receptor-mediated inhibition of(More)
Cationic drugs of different types and structures (antihistaminics, antiarrhythmics, sedatives, opiates, cytostatics and antibiotics, for example) are excreted in mammals by epithelial cells of the renal proximal tubules and by hepatocytes in the liver. In the proximal tubules, two functionally disparate transport systems are involved which are localized in(More)
In brains of the rabbit, pig, and human, expression of the high-affinity Na+-D-glucose cotransporter SGLT1 and of the protein RS1, which alters the activity of SGLT1, was demonstrated. In situ hybridization showed that SGLT1 and RS1 are transcribed in pyramidal cells of brain cortex and hippocampus and in Purkinje cells of cerebellum. In neurons of pig(More)
In brain, signaling pathways initiated by atrial natriuretic peptide, or transmitters which stimulate nitric oxide synthesis, increase cGMP as their second messenger. One important class of target molecules for cGMP is cGMP-dependent protein kinases, and in the present study, biochemical and immunocytochemical analyses demonstrate the widespread(More)
Cardiac atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) modulate blood pressure and volume by activation of the receptor guanylyl cyclase-A (GC-A) and subsequent intracellular cGMP formation. Here we report what we believe to be a novel function of these peptides as paracrine regulators of vascular regeneration. In mice with systemic(More)
Platelets play a key role in hemostasis through their ability to rapidly adhere to activated or injured endothelium, subendothelial matrix proteins, and other activated platelets. A strong equilibrium between activating and inhibiting processes is essential for normal platelet and vascular function, impairment of this equilibrium being associated with(More)
NO acting through soluble guanylyl cyclase and cGMP formation is a negative regulator of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Downstream targets mediating the inhibitory effects of NO/cGMP on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy have not been elucidated. In addition to its antihypertrophic effects, NO promotes apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, presumably through cGMP-independent(More)
BACKGROUND In ischemic acute renal failure (ARF), nitric oxide-dependent regulation of renal hemodynamics and glomerular function is disturbed. Previous studies indicate that the nitric oxide precursor l-arginine (l-Arg) has beneficial effects on renal function. Here we further analyzed the impact of l-Arg on functional and biochemical parameters of nitric(More)