Stepan Gambaryan

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Cationic drugs of different types and structures (antihistaminics, antiarrhythmics, sedatives, opiates, cytostatics and antibiotics, for example) are excreted in mammals by epithelial cells of the renal proximal tubules and by hepatocytes in the liver. In the proximal tubules, two functionally disparate transport systems are involved which are localized in(More)
Antiplatelet treatment is of fundamental importance in combatting functions/dysfunction of platelets in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases. Dysfunction of anucleate platelets is likely to be completely attributable to alterations in posttranslational modifications and protein expression. We therefore examined the proteome of(More)
Previous research has suggested that cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cGKs) may play a role in long-term potentiation in hippocampus, but their site of action has been unknown. We examined this question at synapses between pairs of hippocampal neurons in dissociated cell culture. Injection of a specific peptide inhibitor of cGK into the presynaptic but not(More)
Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP), a substrate of cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases, is associated with focal adhesions, cell-cell contacts, microfilaments, and highly dynamic membrane regions. VASP, which is expressed in most cell types and in particularly high levels in human platelets, binds to profilin, zyxin, vinculin, F-actin, and(More)
Platelets play a crucial role in the physiology of primary hemostasis and pathophysiologic processes such as arterial thrombosis. Accumulating evidence suggests a role of reactive oxygen species (ROSs) in platelet activation. Here we show that platelets activated with different agonists produced intracellular ROSs, which were reduced by reduced nicotinamide(More)
OBJECTIVE The natriuretic peptides (NPs), atrial (ANP), B-type (BNP), and C-type (CNP) natriuretic peptides as well as their respective receptor-guanylyl cyclases (GC-A for ANP and BNP, and GC-B for CNP) are expressed in the heart. However, the local role of NPs in the regulation of cardiac contractility and the mutual interactions of NPs remain(More)
Various drugs that elevate cGMP levels and activate cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) inhibit agonist-induced platelet activation. In the present study we identified the LIM and SH3 domain protein (LASP) that was recently cloned from human breast cancer cells (Tomasetto, C., Regnier, C., Moog-Lutz, C., Mattei, M. G., Chenard, M. P., Liderau, R., Basset,(More)
Many signal transduction pathways are mediated by the second messengers cGMP and cAMP, cGMP- and cAMP-dependent protein kinases (cGK and PKA), phosphodiesterases, and ion channels. To distinguish among the different cGMP effectors, inhibitors of cGK and PKA have been developed including the K-252 compound KT5823 and the isoquinolinesulfonamide H89. KT5823,(More)
1. C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and its receptor guanylyl cyclase (GC-B) are expressed in the heart and modulate cardiac contractility in a cGMP-dependent manner. Since the distal cellular signalling pathways remain unclear, we evaluated the peptide effects on cardiac function and calcium regulation in wild-type (WT) and transgenic mice with cardiac(More)
LIM and SH3 domain protein (LASP-1) is a specific focal adhesion protein involved in cell migration. Overlay studies demonstrate that LASP-1 directly binds to the proline-rich domains of zyxin, lipoma preferred partner (LPP), and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP), with zyxin being the most prominent interacting partner. Despite the(More)