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CONTEXT Recombinant human GH (rhGH) therapy in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) has been used by the medical community and advocated by parental support groups since its approval in the United States in 2000 and in Europe in 2001. Its use in PWS represents a unique therapeutic challenge that includes treating individuals with cognitive disability, varied(More)
To evaluate serum sex hormone profiles in nonalcoholic postmenopausal women with liver disease, 25 women with primary biliary cirrhosis (11 in cirrhotic stage) and 46 healthy controls were studied. The patients had significantly (p less than 0.05) elevated serum concentrations of estrone and androstenedione and significantly (p less than 0.05) lower(More)
CONTEXT Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a multisymptomatic disease that shares many similarities with the GH deficiency syndrome, including altered body composition with more body fat than lean body mass. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to investigate the effect of GH on body composition in adults with PWS. DESIGN AND PATIENTS Forty-six adults with PWS were(More)
CONTEXT Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disease associated with hypogonadism and partial GH insufficiency, possibly explained in part by a hypothalamic dysfunction. Partial insufficiency of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has recently been suggested. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to further explore the HPA axis in PWS by(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is characterized by short stature, muscular hypotonia, cognitive dysfunction, and hyperphagia usually leading to severe obesity. Patients with PWS share similarities with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). Few studies have dealt with growth hormone (GH) treatment in PWS adults. The purpose of the Scandinavian study was to evaluate(More)
In order to evaluate age at menopause and serum sex hormone profiles in postmenopausal women with stable chronic liver disease, six non-cirrhotic alcoholics, 13 with alcoholic cirrhosis, eight with non-alcoholic cirrhosis, and 46 healthy controls were studied. In all three groups, patients were significantly (p less than 0.05) younger at the time of natural(More)
Nasopharyngeal and middle-ear colonization with bacteria and viruses, including Mycoplasma pneumoniae and chlamydiae, was investigated in a survey of 54 children with acute otitis media (AOM) and 201 control children without AOM in Greenland. In total, 98% with AOM and 91% without AOM carried potentially pathogenic bacteria in the nasopharynx. Two or more(More)
BACKGROUND Bone mineral density (BMD) in adult patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) might be low due to high bone turnover. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to investigate bone mass in a group of adult PWS subjects and study the effects of GH treatment on BMD and markers of bone turnover. DESIGN Forty-six adults with genetically verified(More)
In this study the polymerase chain reaction was used to test for the presence of Chlamydia pneumoniae DNA in 118 middle-ear aspirates from 20 children with acute otitis media (AOM) and 53 children with otitis media with effusion (OME). C. pneumoniae was detected in 8 samples obtained from 5 children with OME and, together with Streptococcus pneumoniae, in a(More)
OBJECTIVE Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex genetic disease associated with hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction and severe obesity. The aim of the present study was to describe the relationships between body composition, metabolic and hormonal profiles in PWS adults. METHOD Forty six adults with genetically verified PWS, 25 women and 21 men, median(More)