Sten Rüdiger

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Hsp70 chaperones assist protein folding by ATP-dependent association with linear peptide segments of a large variety of folding intermediates. The molecular basis for this ability to differentiate between native and non-native conformers was investigated for the DnaK homolog of Escherichia coli. We identified binding sites and the recognition motif in(More)
UNLABELLED We systematically analyzed the capability of the major cytosolic chaperones of Escherichia coli to cope with protein misfolding and aggregation during heat stress in vivo and in cell extracts. Under physiological heat stress conditions, only the DnaK system efficiently prevented the aggregation of thermolabile proteins, a surprisingly high number(More)
Intracellular calcium release is a prime example for the role of stochastic effects in cellular systems. Recent models consist of deterministic reaction-diffusion equations coupled to stochastic transitions of calcium channels. The resulting dynamics is of multiple time and spatial scales, which complicates far-reaching computer simulations. In this(More)
Preproteins destined for mitochondria either are synthesized with amino-terminal signal sequences, termed presequences, or possess internal targeting information within the protein. The preprotein translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (designated Tom) contains specific import receptors. The cytosolic domains of three import receptors, Tom20,(More)
The 70 kDa heat shock proteins (the Hsp70 family) assist refolding of their substrates through ATP-controlled binding. We have analyzed mutants of DnaK, an Hsp70 homolog, altered in key residues of its substrate binding domain. Substrate binding occurs by a dynamic mechanism involving: a hydrophobic pocket for a single residue that is crucial for affinity,(More)
Determination of the structure of the substrate binding domain of the Escherichia coli Hsp70 chaperone, DnaK, and the biochemical characterisation of the motif it recognizes within substrates provide insights into the principles governing Hsp70 interaction with polypeptide chains. DnaK recognizes extended peptide strands composed of up to five consecutive(More)
The evolutionarily conserved DnaJ proteins are essential components of Hsp70 chaperone systems. The DnaJ homologue of Escherichia coli associates with chaperone substrates and mediates their ATP hydrolysis-dependent locking into the binding cavity of its Hsp70 partner, DnaK. To determine the substrate specificity of DnaJ proteins, we screened 1633 peptides(More)
The Hsp70 chaperone activity in protein folding is regulated by ATP-controlled cycles of substrate binding and release. Nucleotide exchange plays a key role in these cycles by triggering substrate release. Structural searches of Hsp70 homologs revealed three structural elements within the ATPase domain: two salt bridges and an exposed loop. Mutational(More)
Hsp70 chaperones assist a large variety of protein folding processes in the cell by transient association with short peptide segments of proteins. The substrate binding and release cycle is driven by the switching between the low affinity ATP bound state and the high affinity ADP bound state of Hsp70. Considerable progress has been made recently by the(More)
The ribosome-associated chaperone trigger factor (TF) assists the folding of newly synthesized cytosolic proteins in Escherichia coli. Here, we determined the substrate specificity of TF by examining its binding to 2842 membrane-coupled 13meric peptides. The binding motif of TF was identified as a stretch of eight amino acids, enriched in basic and aromatic(More)