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To facilitate collaborative research efforts between multi-investigator teams using DNA microarrays, we identified sources of error and data variability between laboratories and across microarray platforms, and methods to accommodate this variability. RNA expression data were generated in seven laboratories, which compared two standard RNA samples using 12(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that gene expression profiling can reveal indicators of subtle injury to the liver induced by a low dose of a substance that does not cause overt toxicity as defined by conventional criteria of toxicology (e.g., abnormal clinical chemistry and histopathology). For the purpose of this study we defined this low dose as(More)
The application of gene expression profiling technology to examine multiple genes and signaling pathways simultaneously promises a significant advance in understanding toxic mechanisms to ultimately aid in protection of public health. Public and private efforts in the new field of toxicogenomics are focused on populating databases with gene expression(More)
UNLABELLED The diagnosis and management of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is hindered by the limited utility of traditional clinical chemistries. It has recently been shown that hepatotoxicants can produce compound-specific changes in the peripheral blood (PB) transcriptome in rodents, suggesting that the blood transcriptome might provide new biomarkers(More)
This report details the standardized experimental design and the different data streams that were collected (histopathology, clinical chemistry, hematology and gene expression from the target tissue (liver) and a bio-available tissue (blood)) after treatment with eight known hepatotoxicants (at multiple time points and doses with multiple biological(More)
Microarrays have been used to evaluate the expression of thousands of genes in various tissues. However, few studies have investigated the change in gene expression profiles in one of the most easily accessible tissues, whole blood. We utilized an acute inflammation model to investigate the possibility of using a cDNA microarray to measure the gene(More)
Methapyrilene (MP) exposure of animals can result in an array of adverse pathological responses including hepatotoxicity. This study investigates gene expression and histopathological alterations in response to MP treatment in order to 1) utilize computational approaches to classify samples derived from livers of MP treated rats based on severity of(More)
Ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive cerebellar degeneration, immunodeficiencies, telangiectasias, sensitivity to ionizing radiation, and high predisposition for malignancies. The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene encodes a protein (ATM) with serine/threonine kinase activity. DNA-double strand(More)
The heritable disorder ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is caused by mutations in the AT-mutated (ATM) gene with manifestations that include predisposition to lymphoproliferative cancers and hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation (IR). We investigated gene expression changes in response to IR in human lymphoblasts and fibroblasts from seven normal and seven(More)
Gene expression profiling is a widely used technique with data from the majority of published microarray studies being publicly available. These data are being used for meta-analyses and in silico discovery; however, the comparability of toxicogenomic data generated in multiple laboratories has not been critically evaluated. Using the power of prospective(More)