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BACKGROUND We conducted a study in order to determine the usefulness and diagnostic value of International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAHG) score in non-autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) hepatic disorders as well as in AIH/overlap syndromes and in cases with coexistence of AIH and other liver diseases. METHODS We applied the IAHG score in 423 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is characterized by undetectable serum HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) but detectable HBV-DNA in serum or liver. AIMS To determine the prevalence and clinical impact of occult HBV in autoimmune liver diseases as similar data are missing. METHODS One hundred and ninety-six sera samples from HBsAg-negative(More)
AIM To present the characteristics and the course of a series of anti-hepatitis B virus core antibody (HBc) antibody positive patients, who experienced hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation after immunosuppression. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated in our tertiary centers the medical records of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) negative patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group developed a simplified score for autoimmune hepatitis. We assessed this "new scoring system" and compared it with the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group original revised score. METHODS 502 patients were evaluated namely, 428 had liver diseases of various etiology [hepatitis B (n=109),(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS IgA antibodies against tissue-transglutaminase (anti-tTG-IgA) and IgA and IgG antibodies against deamidated gliadin peptides (anti-DGP-IgA and anti-DGP-IgG) are considered specific for celiac disease (CD) whereas, patients with chronic liver disorders have an increased risk of latent CD development. We investigated the prevalence and(More)
Background/aims: Antimitochondrial antibodies (AMAs) are the serological hallmark of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). We evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of a new M2 enhanced performance enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) (MIT3) for the detection of IgG- and IgA-specific isotypes of AMA in PBC patients including a number of PBC patients(More)
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic cholestatic disease characterized by the presence of antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA). PBC-specific antinuclear antibodies (ANA) have been characterized and associated with disease progression and outcome. We evaluated the clinical significance of the presence and serial changes in titers of AMA, PBC-specific(More)
Recently, we reported a high prevalence of immunoglobulin G and/or immunoglobulin M anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) in patients with autoimmune liver diseases, namely, autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), which were independent of the respective isotypes of antibodies against β2-glycoprotein(More)
Hepcidin, a liver hormone, is important for both innate immunity and iron metabolism regulation. As dysfunction of the hepcidin pathway may contribute to liver pathology, we analysed liver hepcidin mRNA and serum hepcidin in patients with chronic liver diseases. Hepcidin mRNA levels were determined in liver biopsies obtained from 126 patients with HCV (n =(More)