Stelios Xanthos

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Since the double disaster of the 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami that affected hundreds of thousands of people and seriously damaged the Fukushima Daichi power plant in Japan on 11 March 2011, traces of radioactive emissions from Fukushima have spread across the entire northern hemisphere. The radioactive isotope of iodine (131)I that was generated by(More)
Radon and gamma dose rate measurements were performed in 512 schools in 8 of the 13 regions of Greece. The distribution of radon concentration was well described by a lognormal distribution. Most (86%) of the radon concentrations were between 60 and 250 Bq m(-3) with a most probable value of 135 Bq m(-3). The arithmetic and geometric means of the radon(More)
The dose rate conversion factors D(CF) (absorbed dose rate in air per unit activity per unit of soil mass, nGy h(-1) per Bq kg(-1)) are calculated 1 m above ground for photon emitters of natural radionuclides uniformly distributed in the soil. Three Monte Carlo codes are used: 1) The MCNP code of Los Alamos; 2) The GEANT code of CERN; and 3) a Monte Carlo(More)
Radon concentration as a function of the soil depth (0-2.6 m) was measured during the years 2002-2003 and 2003-2004 on the Aristotle University campus. Radium distribution in soil was found constant. On the contrary, as expected, radon concentration increased with soil depth. However, the radon concentration did not follow the well known monotonous(More)
We have analyzed gallstones from four patients of Europe and particularly from England (including samples from a mother and a daughter) and Greece. According to the XRD, FTIR, NMR and laser micro-Raman results the studied materials correspond to typical cholesterol monohydrate (ChM). The micro-morphology of cholesterol microcrystals was investigated by(More)
The results obtained from more than 1000 indoor and outdoor in situ gamma spectrometry measurements in 41 towns (from all geographic subdivisions) of the Greek mainland (not islands) are presented. From the in situ gamma spectra the absorbed dose rate in air due to uranium series, thorium series, 40K and 137Cs are derived and discussed.
Radon and gamma dose rate measurements have been performed in 561 workplaces in 19 prefectures of Greece. The distribution of radon concentration can be well described by a log-normal distribution. Most of the radon concentrations are between 50 and 200 Bq m(-3) with an arithmetic mean of 123 Bq m(-3). The maximum measured value of radon gas concentration(More)
The dose build up factor B related to the ratio of primary to scattered gamma radiation in indoor environment was calculated with Monte Carlo simulations using the MCNP code for different indoor geometries and gamma source distributions. The main conclusion is that the B factor does not depend strongly on parameters such as dimensions of the rooms, the(More)
The results obtained from 259 indoor and outdoor in situ gamma spectrometry measurements with a portable Ge detector and 707 total gamma dose rate measurements with an NaI detector in urban areas of 16 Greek islands are presented. From the in situ gamma spectra, the absorbed dose rate in air due to Uranium series, Thorium series, (40)K and (137)Cs are(More)
The time variation of the radon equilibrium factor F was measured every four hours in the Nuclear Technology Laboratory of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (in northern Greece) during October 1998-April 1999. The time dependence of the mean weekly value of radon equilibrium factor F is relatively small. During October 1999-May 2000 the radon(More)