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OBJECTIVE The value of the recently introduced definitions of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the identification of high cardiovascular risk subjects remains questionable. We examined the association among different definitions of MetS, and the occurrence of a first-ever acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS We studied 211 patients with a first-ever ACS and(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with sepsis syndrome commonly have low serum selenium levels. Several randomized controlled trials have examined the efficacy of selenium supplementation on mortality in patients with sepsis. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and safety of high-dose selenium supplementation compared to placebo for the reduction of mortality in(More)
CONTEXT A variety of infectious agents have been reported as rare causes of acute pancreatitis. CASE REPORT We briefly describe a 36-year-old man who presented with acute pancreatitis and a maculopapular rash. The marked elevation in antibody titer against coxsackievirus B, as well as the skin biopsy, was compatible with acute coxsackievirus B viral(More)
S100B protein, an acknowledged biomarker of brain injury, has been reported to be increased in hemorrhagic shock. Also, acute hemorrhage is associated with inflammatory response. The aim of this study was to investigate the concentrations of serum S100B and the potential relationships with interleukin 6 (IL-6), severity of tissue hypoperfusion, and(More)
In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), combined high-frequency oscillation (HFO) and tracheal gas insufflation (TGI) may improve oxygenation through a TGI-induced increase in mean tracheal pressure (P tr). We compared standard HFO and HFO-TGI matched for P tr, in order to determine whether TGI affects gas exchange independently from P tr. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Most studies so far have focused on the performance of individual biomarkers to detect early acute kidney injury (AKI) in the adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients; however, they have not determined the predictive ability of their combinations. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive abilities of plasma neutrophil(More)
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recent studies indicate that atrial fibrillation (AF) is prevalent among ESRD patients while it adversely affects the clinical outcome. Despite these considerations, AF management in this population is problematic. Notably, most ESRD patients with AF are(More)