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BACKGROUND Extremely preterm (EPT)/extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) children attaining school age and adolescence often have problems with executive functions such as working memory and selective attention. Our aim was to investigate a hypothesized difference in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) activation during a selective attention-working memory task(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several studies suggest that VLBW is associated with a reduced CC size later in life. We aimed to clarify this in a prospective, controlled study of 19-year-olds, hypothesizing that those with LBWs had smaller subregions of CC than the age-matched controls, even after correcting for brain volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a blinded, randomized, controlled trial to examine whether mildly dysplastic but stable or instable hips would benefit from early treatment, as compared with watchful waiting. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 128 newborns with mild hip dysplasia (sonographic inclination angle [alpha angle] of 43 degrees -49 degrees ) and stable or(More)
The purpose of the study was to investigate a possible association between brain activation in functional magnetic resonance imaging scans, cognition and school performance in extremely preterm children and term born controls. Twenty eight preterm and 28 term born children were scanned while performing a working memory/selective attention task, and school(More)
This study sought to compare cognitive and cerebral findings of magnetic resonance imaging in young adults with low birth weights and in a control group. One hundred thirteen of 173 (65%) eligible adults with birth weights <2000 g, and 100 of 170 (59%) controls, all without major disabilities, were examined at age 19 years. Cerebral 3.0 T magnetic resonance(More)
INTRODUCTION To create new standards for radiological indices of dilated ventricles and to compare these with subjectively assessed ventricular size. METHODS One hundred healthy controls (54 females), birth weight above 3,000 g, were followed throughout childhood as part of a longitudinal study of ex-prematures. All had a 3 Tesla brain magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare findings on cerebral MRI scans of infants born extremely preterm (i.e., gestation < 28 weeks, very preterm; gestation 28-31 weeks) and at term. METHODS MRI scans obtained in a cohort of 29 extremely preterm children at 11 years, 51 very preterm young adults at 19 years, and respective term-born controls were(More)
BACKGROUND Both animal and human studies have suggested that prenatal opioid exposure may be detrimental to the developing fetal brain. However, results are somewhat conflicting. Structural brain changes in children with prenatal opioid exposure have been reported in a few studies, and such changes may contribute to neuropsychological impairments observed(More)
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