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BACKGROUND Extremely preterm (EPT)/extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) children attaining school age and adolescence often have problems with executive functions such as working memory and selective attention. Our aim was to investigate a hypothesized difference in blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) activation during a selective attention-working memory task(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several studies suggest that VLBW is associated with a reduced CC size later in life. We aimed to clarify this in a prospective, controlled study of 19-year-olds, hypothesizing that those with LBWs had smaller subregions of CC than the age-matched controls, even after correcting for brain volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred(More)
Appendicitis is the commonest acute surgical emergency of childhood, and occurs in approximately 2-4 per 1000 infants. It is usually seen in infants older than 5 years but can occur at any age. Atypical clinical findings are seen in 30-50% of children, especially the younger ones, and often leads to a delayed diagnosis. Preoperative clinical assessment(More)
BACKGROUND To examine national imaging strategies regarding the use of F-18-FDG PET-CT in patients with Ewing sarcoma and study factors that might influence the use of PET-CT, such as tumour biology (Picci grade of operation specimen), clinical disease stage and age. METHODS We examined the medical records including pathology and imaging of all patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to use a scoring system for high-resolution CT in the evaluation of radiologic findings in young people born extremely preterm and to examine the reproducibility of this scoring system. SUBJECTS AND METHODS High-resolution CT of the lungs was assessed in 72 children born at a gestational age of < or = 28 weeks or(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a blinded, randomized, controlled trial to examine whether mildly dysplastic but stable or instable hips would benefit from early treatment, as compared with watchful waiting. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 128 newborns with mild hip dysplasia (sonographic inclination angle [alpha angle] of 43 degrees -49 degrees ) and stable or(More)
This study aimed to evaluate cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of children with prenatal drug exposure in a clinical context. A hospital-based cohort of 10- to 14-year-old children, prenatally exposed to alcohol, opioids, and polysubstances, and a group of sex- and age-matched controls were examined with cerebral MRI. Scans obtained from 34(More)
INTRODUCTION To create new standards for radiological indices of dilated ventricles and to compare these with subjectively assessed ventricular size. METHODS One hundred healthy controls (54 females), birth weight above 3,000 g, were followed throughout childhood as part of a longitudinal study of ex-prematures. All had a 3 Tesla brain magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND There is an increasing understanding that extreme preterm birth carries a risk of long-term pulmonary sequelae. A study was undertaken to investigate if, and in what way, neonatal factors were associated with subsequent abnormalities on pulmonary high-resolution CT (HRCT) scanning and if pulmonary function was related to these abnormalities. (More)
OBJECTIVE The goal was to study the incidence and long-term consequences of left vocal cord paralysis (LVCP) after neonatal surgical treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in a population-based cohort of adults who were born at gestational ages of ≤28 weeks or with birth weights of ≤1000 g in western Norway. METHODS Subjects with a history of(More)