Steffen-Sebastian Bolz

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BACKGROUND The glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) is believed to mediate glucoregulatory and cardiovascular effects of the incretin hormone GLP-1(7-36) (GLP-1), which is rapidly degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) to GLP-1(9-36), a truncated metabolite generally thought to be inactive. Novel drugs for the treatment of diabetes include(More)
Heart rate is controlled by the opposing activities of sympathetic and parasympathetic inputs to pacemaker myocytes in the sinoatrial node (SAN). Parasympathetic activity on nodal myocytes is mediated by acetylcholine-dependent stimulation of M(2) muscarinic receptors and activation of Galpha(i/o) signaling. Although regulators of G protein signaling (RGS)(More)
Connexins have been hypothesized to play an important role in intercellular communication within the vascular wall and may provide a mechanistic explanation for conduction of vasomotor responses. To test this hypothesis, we studied the transmission of vasomotor responses in the intact skeletal muscle microcirculation of connexin40-deficient mice(More)
BACKGROUND RhoA and Rho kinase are important modulators of microvascular tone. METHODS AND RESULTS We tested whether sphingosine kinase (Sphk1) that generates the endogenous sphingolipid mediator sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is part of a signaling cascade to activate the RhoA/Rho kinase pathway. Using a new transfection model, we report that resting tone(More)
Cells sense and respond to changes in oxygen concentration through gene regulatory processes that are fundamental to survival. Surprisingly, little is known about how anemia affects hypoxia signaling. Because nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) figure prominently in the cellular responses to acute hypoxia, we defined the effects of NOS deficiency in acute anemia.(More)
The S1P(2) receptor is a member of a family of G protein-coupled receptors that bind the extracellular sphingolipid metabolite sphingosine 1-phosphate with high affinity. The receptor is widely expressed and linked to multiple G protein signaling pathways, but its physiological function has remained elusive. Here we have demonstrated that S1P(2) receptor(More)
Growing evidence suggests that mechanisms which regulate the Ca2+ sensitivity of the contractile apparatus in vascular smooth muscle cells form the backbone of pressure-induced myogenic vasoconstriction. The modulation of Ca2+ sensitivity is suited to partially uncouple intracellular Ca2+ from constriction, thereby allowing the maintenance of tone with(More)
Millions of platelets are produced each hour by bone marrow (BM) megakaryocytes (MKs). MKs extend transendothelial proplatelet (PP) extensions into BM sinusoids and shed new platelets into the blood. The mechanisms that control platelet generation remain incompletely understood. Using conditional mutants and intravital multiphoton microscopy, we show here(More)
RATIONALE The fast transient outward K(+) current (I(to,f)) plays a critical role in early repolarization of the heart. I(to,f) is consistently downregulated in cardiac disease. Despite its importance, the regulation of I(to,f) in disease remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE Because the transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)-κB is activated in cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanisms regulating spiral modiolar artery (SMA) tone are not known, yet their characterization is pivotal for understanding inner ear blood flow regulation. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), known to stimulate vasoconstriction in several vascular beds, is a candidate regulator of SMA tone with potential pathophysiological relevance. METHODS(More)