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Seventeen bones (sixteen cadaveric bones and one plastic bone) were used to validate a method for reconstructing a surface model of the proximal femur from 2D X-ray radiographs and a statistical shape model that was constructed from thirty training surface models. Unlike previously introduced validation studies, where surface-based distance errors were used(More)
We compare different procedures for combining fixed-order tree-level matrix element generators with parton showers. We use the case of W-production at the Tevatron and the LHC to compare different implementations of the so-called CKKW scheme and one based on the so-called MLM scheme using different matrix element generators and different parton cascades. We(More)
We review the physics basis, main features and use of general-purpose Monte Carlo event generators for the simulation of proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider. Topics included are: the generation of hard-scattering matrix elements for processes of interest, at both leading and next-to-leading QCD perturbative order; their matching to(More)
X-ray imaging is one of the most commonly used medical imaging modality. Albeit X-ray radiographs provide important clinical information for diagnosis, planning and post-operative follow-up, the challenging interpretation due to its 2D projection characteristics and the unknown magnification factor constrain the full benefit of X-ray imaging. In order to(More)
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) before or after Periacetabular Osteotomy (PAO) is surprisingly frequent and surgeons need to be aware of the risk preoperatively and be able to avoid it intraoperatively. In this paper we present a novel computer assisted planning and navigation system for PAO with impingement analysis and range of motion (ROM)(More)
Constructing a 3D bone surface model from a limited number of calibrated 2D X-ray images (e.g. 2) and a 3D point distribution model is a challenging task, especially, when we would like to construct a patient-specific surface model of a bone with pathology. One of the key steps for such a 2D/3D reconstruction is to establish correspondences between the 2D(More)
Twenty-two femurs (one plastic bone and twenty-one cadaveric bones) with both nonpathologic and pathologic cases were considered to validate a point distribution model based three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction technique using digital biplanar radiographs. The 3-D reconstruction technique is based on an iterative non-rigid registration of the features(More)
Twenty-three femurs (one plastic bone and twenty-two cadaver bones) with both nonpathologic and pathologic cases were considered to validate a statistical shape model based technique for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of a patient-specific surface model from calibrated x-ray radiographs. The 3D reconstruction technique is based on an iterative(More)
In this paper, we present a novel C-arm calibration approach for orthopedic applications that is based on a distortion correction plate with fiducials arranged in a single-plane and a novel mobile phantom. The former is designed to be rigidly attached to the image intensifier and is used together with a statistical model of the geometrical image distortion(More)
This paper presents a cadaveric validation of a novel planning and navigation system for peri-acetabular osteotomy (PAO). In total 8 computer assisted PAO procedures was performed on 4 cadavers (each cadaver has two hip joints). By comparing the pre-operatiely planned situation and the intra-operatively achieved situation, an average error of 0.65°, 0.56°(More)