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A matter of common sense: a common recognition motif consisting of a negatively charged group five to six bonds away (red) from the (thio)ester functionality (green) and a positively charged tail group ten to twelve bonds away (blue) was identified in two native acyl protein thioesterase 1 (APT1) substrates. This similarity led to the design of potent(More)
Cycles of depalmitoylation and repalmitoylation critically control the steady-state localization and function of various peripheral membrane proteins, such as Ras proto-oncogene products. Interference with acylation using small molecules is a strategy to modulate cellular localization--and thereby unregulated signaling--caused by palmitoylated Ras proteins.(More)
The current study investigates the combination of two recently reported techniques for the improvement of homology model-based virtual screening for G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) ligands. First, ligand-supported homology modeling was used to generate receptor models that were in agreement with mutagenesis data and structure-activity relationship(More)
We describe Scaffold Hunter, a highly interactive computer-based tool for navigation in chemical space that fosters intuitive recognition of complex structural relationships associated with bioactivity. The program reads compound structures and bioactivity data, generates compound scaffolds, correlates them in a hierarchical tree-like arrangement, and(More)
Correlation vector methods were tested for their usefulness in ligand-based virtual screening. Three molecular descriptors--two based on potential pharmacophore points and one on partial atom charges--and three similarity measures--the Manhattan distance, the Euclidian distance and the Tanimoto coefficient--were compared. The alignment-free descriptors seem(More)
A pharmacophore-based approach for compiling focused screening libraries is presented. It integrates information from three-dimensional molecular alignments into correlation vector-based database screening. The pharmacophore model is represented by a number of spheres of Gaussian-distributed feature densities. Different degrees of "fuzziness" can be(More)
The structure- and chemistry-based hierarchical organization of library scaffolds in tree-like arrangements provides a valid, intuitive means to map and navigate chemical space. We demonstrate that scaffold trees built using bioactivity as the key selection criterion for structural simplification during tree construction allow efficient and intuitive(More)
A virtual screening study towards novel noncompetitive antagonists of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGluR1) is described. Alignment-free topological pharmacophore descriptors (CATS) were used to encode the screening compounds. All virtual hits were characterized with respect to their allosteric antagonistic effect on mGluR1 in both functional and(More)