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Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is an essential enzyme in the folate metabolism, which affects DNA synthesis and methylation. Low enzyme activity may reduce the capacity of DNA methylation, and possibly reduce uracil misincorporation into DNA, which can result in double strand breaks. Both processes may be critical for the oncogenic(More)
Germline mutations in mismatch repair genes are responsible for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), the most common hereditary cancer-susceptibility syndrome. We report six novel germline mutations, three in MSH2 and three in MLH1. All but one mutation have been found in families fulfilling the criteria of the Bethesda guidelines; two of them(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) is a rare and aggressive tumour with poor outcomes. Because of its low incidence, the number prospective studies remains insufficient leading to poor knowledge and absence of standard of care. Aiming to better understand small bowel carcinogenesis we investigated the frequency of somatic mutations in a large(More)
To evaluate the involvement of hMSH6 in colorectal cancer, the complete coding sequence and flanking intron regions of the gene were analyzed by DNA sequencing in 10 patients fulfilling Bethesda Guidelines for colorectal tumors and 10 patients with sporadic colorectal carcinoma. In addition, 10 mono- and 10 dinucleotide repeat markers were analyzed for(More)
Germline mutations in human mismatch repair (MMR) genes yield a predisposition for the hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) syndrome. In contrast to hMLH1 and hMSH2, little is known about the overall involvement of hMSH6 in colorectal cancer. We investigated 82 tumors from patients who fulfilled the Bethesda guidelines for HNPCC as well as 146(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is one of the most common hereditary cancer-susceptibility syndromes. Germline mutations in mismatch repair genes are associated with the clinical phenotype of HNPCC. We report ten novel germline mutations, three in MSH2 and seven in MLH1. All but one mutation have been found in families fulfilling criteria(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether an intronic germline substitution in the hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) gene hMSH2 represents a genetic risk factor for sporadic CRC. Possible effects of this substitution were investigated by assessment of microsatellite instability and hMSH2 cDNA sequencing. Constitutional DNA from(More)
Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is an autosomal dominant predisposition to multiple juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract. Germline mutations in the MADH4 or BMPR1A genes have been found to be causative of the disease in a subset of JPS patients. So far, no genotype-phenotype correlation has been reported. We examined 29 patients with the clinical(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant disease with high penetrance, caused by germline mutations in the mismatch repair (MMR) genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2 and MLH3. Most reported pathogenic mutations are point mutations, comprising single base substitutions, small insertions and deletions. In addition, genomic(More)