Steffen R. Pistorius

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The aim of this study was to determine whether an intronic germline substitution in the hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) gene hMSH2 represents a genetic risk factor for sporadic CRC. Possible effects of this substitution were investigated by assessment of microsatellite instability and hMSH2 cDNA sequencing. Constitutional DNA from(More)
Mononucleotide repeat sequences are particularly prone to frameshift mutations in tumors with biallelic inactivation of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes MLH1 or MSH2. In these tumors, several genes harboring mononucleotide repeats in their coding region have been proposed as targets involved in tumor progression, among which are also the MMR genes MSH3 and(More)
To evaluate the involvement of hMSH6 in colorectal cancer, the complete coding sequence and flanking intron regions of the gene were analyzed by DNA sequencing in 10 patients fulfilling Bethesda Guidelines for colorectal tumors and 10 patients with sporadic colorectal carcinoma. In addition, 10 mono- and 10 dinucleotide repeat markers were analyzed for(More)
Background. A better understanding of the molecular basis of hereditary colorectal cancer syndromes such as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer syndrome (HNPCC) and familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) has profound consequences for both the diagnosis and (prophylactic) treatment of (pre)malignant neoplastic lesions. Discussion. Sequence analysis of(More)
Germline mutations in human mismatch repair (MMR) genes yield a predisposition for the hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) syndrome. In contrast to hMLH1 and hMSH2, little is known about the overall involvement of hMSH6 in colorectal cancer. We investigated 82 tumors from patients who fulfilled the Bethesda guidelines for HNPCC as well as 146(More)
Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is an autosomal dominant predisposition to multiple juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract. Germline mutations in the MADH4 or BMPR1A genes have been found to be causative of the disease in a subset of JPS patients. So far, no genotype-phenotype correlation has been reported. We examined 29 patients with the clinical(More)
UNLABELLED The Value of Colour Duplex Sonography in the Assessment of Surgical Resectability of Pancreatic Tumors. AIM The aim of this study was to evaluate the assessment by modern colour duplex imaging (CDI) concerning the relation between tumour and vessels including haemodynamic parameters in the main abdominal arteries and the portal system, and to(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA) is a rare and aggressive tumour with poor outcomes. Because of its low incidence, the number prospective studies remains insufficient leading to poor knowledge and absence of standard of care. Aiming to better understand small bowel carcinogenesis we investigated the frequency of somatic mutations in a large(More)
N-Acetyltransferase (NAT) 2 is an important enzyme involved in the metabolism of different xenobiotics, including potential carcinogens. Allelic variants of the NAT2 gene are determined by a pattern of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) resulting in slow (SA), intermediate (IA) or rapid acetylator (RA) phenotypes and causing the individual differences(More)