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AIMS To determine whether an adequate histological diagnosis of gastric polyps can be attained on the basis of forceps biopsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS In a prospective multicentre study, 194 patients with 222 endoscopically removable gastric polyps (>or=5 mm) underwent forceps biopsy and complete polypectomy. Patients with fundic gland polyps and polyposis(More)
OBJECTIVES The interpretation of endoscopic findings by gastroenterologists is still a difficult and highly subjective task. Despite important developments such as chromo-endoscopy, pit pattern analysis, fluorescence imaging as well as narrow band imaging it still requires lots of experience and training with a certain tentativeness until the final biopsy.(More)
INTRODUCTION Laser lithotripsy of bile duct stones has become a widely accepted endoscopic treatment modality for giant, impacted, or very hard stones. The procedure is usually carried out under direct endoscopic control in view of the potential risk of bile duct injuries in "blind" laser application. AIMS To investigate the use of a rhodamine 6G laser(More)
The molecular mechanisms responsible for the progression of malignant transformation in Barrett's esophagus (BE) are still poorly understood. This study was undertaken (1) to investigate the gene and protein expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), interleukin-8 (IL-8), hepatocyte growth factor(More)
In 48 patients who had undergone anterior resection for rectal cancer with straight colorectal reconstruction, clinical and manometric results were correlated with the level of anastomosis. Patients were divided into four groups by anastomotic level: < or = 3, 4-6, 7-9, and > or = 10 cm. Functional outcome with regard to frequency of bowel movements, minor(More)
BACKGROUND Studies suggest that heparin has anti-inflammatory effects that could prevent acute post-ERCP pancreatitis. The aim of this investigator-initiated, prospective, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study was to determine whether low-molecular-weight heparin can prevent acute post-ERCP pancreatitis. METHODS Patients at increased risk for acute(More)
BACKGROUND An exploratory analysis of a prospective study of risk factors for acute pancreatitis after ERCP combined with endoscopic sphincterotomy showed that the frequency of acute pancreatitis was lower in patients who received heparin compared with patients not treated with heparin. The study was continued to further analyze the effect of heparin on the(More)
To evaluate the new, bio-optical method of light-induced autofluorescence spectroscopy for the endoscopic in-vivo diagnosis of (pre)-cancerous lesions of the colorectum, 311 endogenous fluorescence spectra were obtained from normal, adenomatous and cancerous colorectal tissue in 11 patients with cancer, six patients with familial adenomatous polyposis, and(More)
BACKGROUND Biliary secretion of antibiotic agents into the bile is considerably compromised by biliary obstruction, a precondition of bacterial cholangitis. Moxifloxacin may be advantageous according to secretion and antimicrobial spectrum. AIM To establish the secretion of moxifloxacin into obstructed and non-obstructed bile. METHODS Biliary excretion(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS In patients with esophageal achalasia, pneumatic dilation is the treatment of choice, but it bears the risk of perforation in about 4% of cases. A new nonsurgical method, intrasphincteric injection of botulinum toxin A, has shown promising initial results, and we thus undertook this study to compare the long-term outcome of these(More)