Steffen Kelch

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Material scientists predict a prominent role in the future for self-repairing and intelligent materials. Throughout the last few years, this concept has found growing interest as a result of the rise of a new class of polymers. These so-called shape-memory polymers by far surpass well-known metallic shape-memory alloys in their shape-memory properties. As a(More)
Shape-memory polymers are stimuli-responsive materials. Upon exposure to an external stimulus, e.g. an increase in temperature, they have the capability of changing their shape. The shape-memory effect results from the polymer's structure and morphology in combination with a certain processing and programming technology. Stimuli-sensitive implant materials(More)
Recently developed versatile biodegradable polymeric biomaterial offer new therapeutic options in numerous medical fields. Biocompatibility is a crucial requirement for the biomedical application of biomaterials, including the sterilization of these materials with the use of accepted protocols. Ethylene-oxide (EO) and low-temperature plasma (LTP)(More)
Using standard cell biological and biochemical methods we were able to test the ability of a degradable, thermoplastic block copolymer to support the adhesion, proliferation, and the cellular activity of primary cell cultures of the oral cavity in vitro. The delicate balance between a group of endogenous enzymes, Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs), and their(More)
The combination of stimuli-sensitive implant materials and minimally invasive surgery techniques is expected to give rise to numerous applications. Biodegradable thermoplastic elastomers are presented here as an example of a group of biodegradable implant materials with shape-memory properties. Their capabilities and use in a smart suture are described.
The influence of the surface topography of a biodegradable copolymer on adhesion, proliferation, and cellular activity of primary cell cultures of the upper aerodigestive tract (ADT) was investigated. On the basis of the important functions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their endogenous inhibitors, tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMPs) in regulating(More)
INTRODUCTION Using standard cell biological and biochemical experimental approaches we were able to test the ability of a particular polymer construct to support the adhesion, proliferation, and the cellular acitivity of pharyngeal cells. The delicate balance between Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their endogenous inhibitors (Tissue Inhibitor of MMPs,(More)
The stability and tight integration into adjacent tissue of a novel, degradable, elastic copolymer were examined in an animal model. The biomaterial was used for the reconstruction of a gastric wall defect in Sprague-Dawley rats (n=42) to test the polymeric material under the extreme chemical, enzymatical and mechanical conditions of the stomach. In the(More)
Thermoplastic phase-segregated multiblock copolymers with polydepsipeptides and PCL segments were prepared via coupling of diol and PCL-diol using an aliphatic diisocyanate. The obtained multiblock copolymers showed good elastic properties and a shape memory. Almost complete fixation of the mechanical deformation, resulting in quantitative recovery of the(More)
Biodegradable shape-memory polymers have attracted tremendous interest as potential implant materials for minimally invasive surgery. Here, the precise control of the material's functions, for example, the switching temperature T(sw), is a particular challenge. T(sw) should be either between room and body temperature for automatically inducing the shape(More)