Steffen Baltes

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The antiepileptic drug valproic acid (VPA) is widely used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorders, and migraine. However, rather high doses are required for the clinical effects of VPA, which is due to its relatively inefficient delivery to the brain. The poor brain distribution of VPA is thought to reflect an asymmetric transport system at the(More)
Overexpression of multidrug efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein (Pgp; ABCB1) or multidrug resistance proteins (MRPs; ABCC) in the blood-brain barrier has recently been suggested to explain, at least in part, pharmacoresistance in epilepsy, which affects about 30% of all patients with this common brain disorder. The novel antiepileptic drug (AED)(More)
In view of the important role of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and other drug efflux transporters for drug distribution and resistance, the identification of compounds as substrates of Pgp-mediated transport is one of the key issues in drug discovery and development, particularly for compounds acting on the central nervous system. In vitro transport assays with(More)
Access of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to the epileptic focus region is considered to be influenced by seizure-associated changes in blood-brain barrier (BBB) function and blood flow. Enhanced leakiness of the BBB has been reported as a consequence of seizure activity, and this is controversially discussed to either favor accumulation of AEDs in epileptic(More)
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